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Article

Multidimensional Evaluation of Awareness in Prader-Willi Syndrome

1
Mental Health Department, Corporació Sanitària Parc Taulí, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona—CIBERSAM, 08208 Sabadell, Spain
2
Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08208 Sabadell, Spain
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Institut d’Investigació i Innovació Parc Taulí (I3PT), 08208 Sabadell, Spain
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Insight Barcelona Research Group, Societat Catalana de Psiquiatria i Salut Mental, 08017 Barcelona, Spain
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Psychiatry Department, Hospital Universitari St. Pau, 08041 Barcelona, Spain
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Statistic Unit, Fundació Parc Taulí I3PT, 08208 Sabadell, Spain
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Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, Hospital Universitari Parc Taulí, Corporació Sanitària ParcTaulí—Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08208 Sabadell, Spain
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Medicine Department, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08208 Sabadell, Spain
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Specialized Service in Mental Health and Intellectual Disability, Institut Assistència Sanitària (IAS), Parc Hospitalari Martí i Julià, Salt, 17190 Girona, Spain
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Neurodevelopment Group, Girona Biomedical Research Institute—IDIBGI, Institut Assistència Sanitària (IAS), Parc Hospitalari Martí i Julià, Salt, 17190 Girona, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michele Roccella
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(9), 2007; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10092007
Received: 5 April 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 6 May 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases: Prader-Willi Syndrome)
There are no studies about insight or awareness of illness in patients with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). The objective of this study was to explore the level of awareness of the disorder, of the need for medication, and of the social consequences of the disease, as well as of its main symptoms in PWS. We also aimed to explore relationships between awareness and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, and to compare all data with a matched sample of patients with psychosis. Insight was assessed by an Adapted version of the Scale of Unawareness of Mental Disorder in a cross-sectional pilot study at a University Hospital. Thirty-six individuals with PWS (58.3% women) were included. Results showed that PWS patients had a good awareness of the illness and of the effects of medication, in contrast to a lack of awareness of illness’ social consequences. Awareness of obesity/overweight was excellent, as was the awareness of excessive appetite. Awareness of excessive food intake was only mild. Insight correlated with age and functionality, but not with BMI. PWS patients showed a better insight into the illness but a similar awareness of the effects of the medication and of the social consequences of the disease as compared to schizophrenia-spectrum patients. This profile of insight may have relevant clinical implications. View Full-Text
Keywords: Prader-Willi Syndrome; awareness; insight; obesity; BMI; functionality Prader-Willi Syndrome; awareness; insight; obesity; BMI; functionality
MDPI and ACS Style

Cobo, J.; Coronas, R.; Pousa, E.; Oliva, J.-C.; Giménez-Palop, O.; Esteba-Castillo, S.; Novell, R.; Palao, D.J.; Caixàs, A. Multidimensional Evaluation of Awareness in Prader-Willi Syndrome. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 2007. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10092007

AMA Style

Cobo J, Coronas R, Pousa E, Oliva J-C, Giménez-Palop O, Esteba-Castillo S, Novell R, Palao DJ, Caixàs A. Multidimensional Evaluation of Awareness in Prader-Willi Syndrome. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(9):2007. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10092007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cobo, Jesús, Ramón Coronas, Esther Pousa, Joan-Carles Oliva, Olga Giménez-Palop, Susanna Esteba-Castillo, Ramon Novell, Diego J. Palao, and Assumpta Caixàs. 2021. "Multidimensional Evaluation of Awareness in Prader-Willi Syndrome" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 9: 2007. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10092007

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