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Article

Goal Orientation and Physical Activity: Psychometric Properties of the Polish Version of the Goal Orientation in Exercise Measure (GOEM)

1
Department of Psychology, Poznan University of Physical Education, Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznań, Poland
2
Faculty of Psychology and Cognitive Sciences, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Szamarzewskiego 89, 60-568 Poznań, Poland
3
Heliodor Święcicki Clinical Hospital of the Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Przybyszewskiego 49, 60-355 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gregory A. Hand
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(9), 1900; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091900
Received: 28 March 2021 / Revised: 18 April 2021 / Accepted: 25 April 2021 / Published: 28 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
Motivational factors are among the most important determinants of undertaking and participating in physical activity. An adequate measurement of motivation and the assessment of its initial characteristics form the basis for possible further practical interventions of a compensatory or promotional nature. Considering the above, the main aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Goal Orientation in Exercise Measure (GOEM), and to determine the association between the task and the ego orientations and selected components of physical activity, i.e., frequency of undertaking, declared time per session and time spent on physical activity. In addition to the typical indices of psychometric assessment, an analysis of the reliability of test items by applying the item response theory (IRT) model was also presented. The study included 318 individuals (173 females, 145 males), aged 21 years on average, undertaking recreational physical activity. The GOEM scale by Petherick and Markland (2008) was used. The model of the Polish version of the GOEM scale fitted the empirical data well (CFI = 0.955). Satisfactory reliability indices were also obtained (task subscale: alpha = 0.83, omega = 0.83; ego subscale: alpha = 0.86, omega = 0.86). Reliability, as assessed by the test-retest method, was ICC = 0.80 for the task subscale and ICC = 0.87 for the ego subscale. The IRT analysis showed that the ego subscale was more precise in the middle level of the trait, while the task subscale provided more information in the low and middle level of the trait and relatively little information in the high level of the trait. The positive associations of the task subscale with the frequency of physical activity and the time spent in a single exercise session were also noted. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; goal orientation; validity; GOEM physical activity; goal orientation; validity; GOEM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tomczak, M.; Kleka, P.; Walczak, A.; Bojkowski, Ł.; Walczak, M. Goal Orientation and Physical Activity: Psychometric Properties of the Polish Version of the Goal Orientation in Exercise Measure (GOEM). J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 1900. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091900

AMA Style

Tomczak M, Kleka P, Walczak A, Bojkowski Ł, Walczak M. Goal Orientation and Physical Activity: Psychometric Properties of the Polish Version of the Goal Orientation in Exercise Measure (GOEM). Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(9):1900. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091900

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tomczak, Maciej, Paweł Kleka, Aleksandra Walczak, Łukasz Bojkowski, and Małgorzata Walczak. 2021. "Goal Orientation and Physical Activity: Psychometric Properties of the Polish Version of the Goal Orientation in Exercise Measure (GOEM)" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 9: 1900. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091900

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