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Article

Effectiveness and Quality of Implementing a Best Practice Model of Care for Low Back Pain (BetterBack) Compared with Routine Care in Physiotherapy: A Hybrid Type 2 Trial

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Unit of Physiotherapy, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, S-581 83 Linköping, Sweden
2
Department of Activity and Health in Linköping, Linköping University, S-581 83 Linköping, Sweden
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcus Schiltenwolf
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(6), 1230; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10061230
Received: 21 January 2021 / Revised: 12 March 2021 / Accepted: 12 March 2021 / Published: 16 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Improved Rehabilitation for Patients with Chronic Pain)
Low back pain (LBP) occurs in all ages and first-line treatment by physiotherapists is common. The main aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing a best practice model of care for LBP (intervention group—BetterBack☺ MoC) compared to routine physiotherapy care (control group) regarding longitudinal patient reported outcomes. The BetterBack☺ MoC contains clinical guideline recommendations and support tools to facilitate clinician adherence to guidelines. A secondary exploratory aim was to compare patient outcomes based on the fidelity of fulfilling a clinical practice quality index regarding physiotherapist care. A stepped cluster randomized design nested patients with LBP in the three clusters which were allocated to control (n = 203) or intervention (n = 264). Patient reported measures were collected at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months and analyzed with mixed model regression. The primary outcome was between-group changes from baseline to 3 months for pain intensity and disability. Implementation of the BetterBack☺ MoC did not show any between-group differences in the primary outcomes compared with routine care. However, the intervention group showed significantly higher satisfaction at 3 months and clinically meaningful greater improvement in LBP illness perception at 3 months and quality of life at 3 and 6 months but not in patient enablement and global impression of change compared with the control group. Physiotherapists’ care that adhered to all clinical practice quality indices resulted in an improvement of most patient reported outcomes with a clinically meaningful greater improved LBP illness perception at 3 months and quality of life at 3 and 6 months, significantly greater improvement in LBP illness perception, pain and satisfaction at 3 and 6 months and significantly better enablement at all time points as well as better global improvement outcomes at 3 months compared with non-adherent care. This highlights the importance of clinical guideline based primary care for improving patient reported LBP outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: low back pain; practice guideline; primary health care; treatment outcome; cluster randomized controlled trial; implementation; rehabilitation; physiotherapy low back pain; practice guideline; primary health care; treatment outcome; cluster randomized controlled trial; implementation; rehabilitation; physiotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schröder, K.; Öberg, B.; Enthoven, P.; Hedevik, H.; Fors, M.; Abbott, A. Effectiveness and Quality of Implementing a Best Practice Model of Care for Low Back Pain (BetterBack) Compared with Routine Care in Physiotherapy: A Hybrid Type 2 Trial. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 1230. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10061230

AMA Style

Schröder K, Öberg B, Enthoven P, Hedevik H, Fors M, Abbott A. Effectiveness and Quality of Implementing a Best Practice Model of Care for Low Back Pain (BetterBack) Compared with Routine Care in Physiotherapy: A Hybrid Type 2 Trial. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(6):1230. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10061230

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schröder, Karin, Birgitta Öberg, Paul Enthoven, Henrik Hedevik, Maria Fors, and Allan Abbott. 2021. "Effectiveness and Quality of Implementing a Best Practice Model of Care for Low Back Pain (BetterBack) Compared with Routine Care in Physiotherapy: A Hybrid Type 2 Trial" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 6: 1230. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10061230

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