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Article

Parental Distress and Perception of Children’s Executive Functioning after the First COVID-19 Lockdown in Italy

Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michele Roccella and Erik Roj Larsen
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(18), 4170; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10184170
Received: 2 July 2021 / Revised: 31 August 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 15 September 2021
The spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), and the consequential first italian lockdown to minimize viral transmission, have resulted in many significant changes in the every-day lives of families, with an increased risk of parental burnout. This study explores the impact of the first COVID-19 lockdown in Italy on parental distress and parental perceptions of children’s executive functions (EFs). Participants were 308 Italian parents with children between 4 and 17 years of age; they were recruited through online advertisements on websites and social media, and they were given an online survey. The measures were: the balance between risks and resources (BR2) and the executive functioning self-report (EF). Findings of the study suggest that the most distressed parents perceived their children as less competent in EF, highlighting a cognitive fragility on attention, memory, and self-regulation (Pearson correlation coefficient, p < 0.05); significant differences were found between parents of children exhibiting typical and atypical patterns of development (ANOVA, p < 0.05). The study reinforces the need to provide families with psychological aid to support parental competence in restrictive lockdown conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: parental distress; COVID-19; children; executive functioning parental distress; COVID-19; children; executive functioning
MDPI and ACS Style

Polizzi, C.; Burgio, S.; Lavanco, G.; Alesi, M. Parental Distress and Perception of Children’s Executive Functioning after the First COVID-19 Lockdown in Italy. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 4170. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10184170

AMA Style

Polizzi C, Burgio S, Lavanco G, Alesi M. Parental Distress and Perception of Children’s Executive Functioning after the First COVID-19 Lockdown in Italy. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(18):4170. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10184170

Chicago/Turabian Style

Polizzi, Concetta, Sofia Burgio, Gioacchino Lavanco, and Marianna Alesi. 2021. "Parental Distress and Perception of Children’s Executive Functioning after the First COVID-19 Lockdown in Italy" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 18: 4170. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10184170

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