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Visible-Light Active Photocatalytic Dual Layer Hollow Fiber (DLHF) Membrane and Its Potential in Mitigating the Detrimental Effects of Bisphenol A in Water

1
Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Malaysia
2
Institute of Medical Molecular Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, Sungai Buloh Campus, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Jalan Hospital, Sungai Buloh 47000, Malaysia
3
Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Sungai Buloh Campus, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Jalan Hospital, Sungai Buloh 47000, Malaysia
4
Institute for Pathology, Laboratory and Forensic Medicine (I-PPerForM), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sungai Buloh 47000, Malaysia
5
Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Sungai Buloh Campus, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Jalan Hospital, Sungai Buloh 47000, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membranes 2020, 10(2), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes10020032
Received: 22 January 2020 / Revised: 17 February 2020 / Accepted: 18 February 2020 / Published: 21 February 2020
The presence of bisphenol A (BPA) in various water sources has potentially led to numerous adverse effects in human such as increased in blood pressure and derangement in liver function. Thus, a reliable treatment for the removing BPA is highly required. This present work aimed to study the efficiency of visible light driven photocatalytic dual-layer hollow fiber (DLHF) membrane for the removal of BPA from water and further investigated its detrimental effects by using an in-vivo model. The prepared membranes were characterized for their morphology, particles distribution, surface roughness, crystallinity and light absorption spectra. The removal of 81.6% and 86.7% in BPA concentration was achieved for N-doped TiO2 DLHF after 360 min of visible and UV light irradiation, respectively. No significant changes for all three groups were observed in liver function test meanwhile the rats-exposed to untreated BPA water shows significance blood pressure increment contrary to rats-exposed to treated BPA water. Similarly, the normal morphology in both jejunum and ileum were altered in rats-exposed to untreated BPA water group. Altogether, the presence of N-doped TiO2 in DLHF are shown to significantly enhance the photocatalytic degradation activity under visible irradiation, which effectively mitigates the effect of BPA in an in-vivo model. View Full-Text
Keywords: bisphenol A; photocatalytic; dual layer hollow fiber; visible-light driven; in-vivo bisphenol A; photocatalytic; dual layer hollow fiber; visible-light driven; in-vivo
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kamaludin, R.; Rasdi, Z.; Othman, M.H.D.; Abdul Kadir, S.H.S.; Mohd Nor, N.S.; Khan, J.; Wan Mohamad Zain, W.N.I.; Ismail, A.F.; A Rahman, M.; Jaafar, J. Visible-Light Active Photocatalytic Dual Layer Hollow Fiber (DLHF) Membrane and Its Potential in Mitigating the Detrimental Effects of Bisphenol A in Water. Membranes 2020, 10, 32.

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