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Open AccessArticle

The Role of Humic Acid, PP Beads, and pH with Water Backwashing in a Hybrid Water Treatment of Multichannel Alumina Microfiltration and PP Beads

Department of Environmental Sciences & Biotechnology, Hallym University, Chunchon 24252, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membranes 2020, 10(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes10010003
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 20 December 2019 / Accepted: 23 December 2019 / Published: 25 December 2019
Photooxidation oxidizes most organic compounds by mineralizing them to small inorganic molecules. In this study, the effects of dissolved organic matter (DOM), pH, and polypropylene (PP) beads concentration on membrane fouling were investigated in a hybrid water treatment process consisting of seven-channel alumina microfiltration (pore size 1.0 μm) and pure PP beads water backwashing with UV irradiation for photooxidation. The synthetic feed was prepared with humic acid and kaolin and flowed inside the microfiltration (MF) membrane. The permeate contacted the PP beads fluidized in the gap of the membrane and module with outside UV irradiation. Membrane fouling resistance (Rf) increased dramatically with an increase in the concentration of humic acid (HA) from 6 mg/L to 8 mg/L. The treatment efficiency of DOM increased dramatically, from 14.3% to 49.7%, with an increase in the concentration of HA. The Rf decreased with an increase of PP beads concentration. However, maximum permeate volume (VT) was acquired at 5 g/L of PP beads. The maximal treatment efficiency of DOM was 51.3% at 40 g/L of PP beads. The Rf increased with an increase in the pH of feed, and the maximum VT was acquired at a pH of 5. The maximal treatment efficiency of DOM was 52.5% at pH 9. View Full-Text
Keywords: microfiltration; photooxidation; adsorption; polypropylene bead; hybrid treatment; water treatment; alumina microfiltration; photooxidation; adsorption; polypropylene bead; hybrid treatment; water treatment; alumina
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Hwang, S.; Lee, Y.; Park, J.Y. The Role of Humic Acid, PP Beads, and pH with Water Backwashing in a Hybrid Water Treatment of Multichannel Alumina Microfiltration and PP Beads. Membranes 2020, 10, 3.

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