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Spain’s Hesitation at the Gates of a COVID-19 Vaccine

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), Barcelona 08018, Spain
SEMERGEN New Technologies Working Group, 28009 Madrid, Spain
Emergency Hospital Clemente Álvarez, Rosario (Santa Fe) S2002, Argentina
Danish Centre for Health Economics, University of Southern (DaCHE), 5230 Odense, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ralph J. DiClemente
Vaccines 2021, 9(2), 170;
Received: 20 January 2021 / Revised: 11 February 2021 / Accepted: 15 February 2021 / Published: 18 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Vaccines and Society)
(1) Background: This study aims to delineate a pattern on vaccine hesitancy in a sample of the Spanish population, considering age groups and status as healthcare workers. (2) Methods: Participants were recruited using Twitter® as a dissemination tool to reach as many respondents as possible in different parts of the Spanish territory. The participants were recruited in a cross-sectional study, which included answering an online questionnaire. Data were collected from 10 September through 23 November 2020. Respondents answered questions asking whether they intended to be vaccinated and provided the main reason for their answers. To estimate associations between vaccination hesitancy and independent variables, we fit Poisson regression models with robust variance. (3) Results: One thousand and two responses were obtained, of which only 731 were validated. One hundred and sixty-four participants stated that they would not be vaccinated (22.43%), of which 20–24% were non-health workers or unemployed, 17.5% physicians, 31.5% other health workers, and almost 35% nurses. Concerns about lack of effectiveness of the vaccination, lack of safety when vaccinating and possibly dangerous adverse effects were the main causes provided. (4) Conclusions: This study indicates that more interventions are needed to achieve better communication with the population and health professionals. Receptiveness to the message of the importance and security of the COVID-19 vaccination could be an important strategy for improving these results. View Full-Text
Keywords: vaccination hesitancy; COVID-19; perception; socio-cultural factors vaccination hesitancy; COVID-19; perception; socio-cultural factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Eguia, H.; Vinciarelli, F.; Bosque-Prous, M.; Kristensen, T.; Saigí-Rubió, F. Spain’s Hesitation at the Gates of a COVID-19 Vaccine. Vaccines 2021, 9, 170.

AMA Style

Eguia H, Vinciarelli F, Bosque-Prous M, Kristensen T, Saigí-Rubió F. Spain’s Hesitation at the Gates of a COVID-19 Vaccine. Vaccines. 2021; 9(2):170.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eguia, Hans, Franco Vinciarelli, Marina Bosque-Prous, Troels Kristensen, and Francesc Saigí-Rubió. 2021. "Spain’s Hesitation at the Gates of a COVID-19 Vaccine" Vaccines 9, no. 2: 170.

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