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Open AccessArticle

Epidemiology and Incidence of Pediatric Concussions in General Aspects of Life

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
2
Saint Peter’s Sports Medicine Institute, Saint Peter’s University Hospital, Somerset, NJ 08873, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(10), 257; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9100257
Received: 4 September 2019 / Revised: 20 September 2019 / Accepted: 25 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
Background: Concussions are one of the most common head injuries acquired within the pediatric population. While sport-related concussions are well documented, concussions within other aspects of a child’s life are not as well researched. The purpose of this study is to examine the incidence of a large pediatric concussion population in a broad range of daily activities. Methods: Patients’ gender and nature of injury were extracted from 1408 medical records of patients who were diagnosed with a concussion at Saint Peter’s Sports Medicine Institute. Statistical analyses were conducted for activities and environmental settings using chi-squared tests. Results: Concussions were most prevalent in organized sports (53.3%), followed by injuries within the following settings: school (16.5%), recreational (6.7%), motor vehicle collisions (6.6%), home (5.5%), and other (11.3%). Specifically, soccer (12.9%), school physical education (PE) class (10.6%), and football (9.8%) subcategories recorded the most incidences of concussion. For the PE class cohort (n = 149), significantly more females were diagnosed with a concussion compared to males (p < 0.001). Conclusions: PE-related concussions had the second highest incidence rate after organized sports. A significant gender difference was observed in PE class. Awareness about concussions and methods to reduce the risk of concussion is suggested for PE classes. View Full-Text
Keywords: concussions; physical education; concussion epidemiology; adolescent concussions concussions; physical education; concussion epidemiology; adolescent concussions
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Yaramothu, C.; Goodman, A.M.; Alvarez, T.L. Epidemiology and Incidence of Pediatric Concussions in General Aspects of Life. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 257.

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