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The Relationship between Adult Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Criminogenic Cognitions
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The Association between ADHD and Obesity: Intriguing, Progressively More Investigated, but Still Puzzling

by Samuele Cortese 1,2,3,4,5
Center for Innovation in Mental Health, School of Psychology, Faculty of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Clinical and Experimental Sciences (CNS and Psychiatry), Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Solent NHS Trust, Southampton SO19 8BR, UK
New York University Child Study Center, New York, NY 10016, USA
Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG72UH, UK
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(10), 256;
Received: 9 September 2019 / Revised: 21 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
This narrative review is aimed at presenting the most recent evidence on the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity. The review is informed by previous relevant systematic reviews and a search in Pubmed and PsycINFO up to 1 August 2019. Although the association between ADHD and obesity would seem, at first, paradoxical, in the past two decades there has been an increasing number of studies on this topic. The present review shows that there is meta-analytic evidence supporting a significant association between these two conditions, at least in adults. Growing evidence is also being published on the genetic and environmental factors underlying the association. However, the cause–effects paths, as well as the exact mechanisms explaining the association, remain unclear. Additionally, empirical evidence guiding the management/treatment of patients with the two conditions is still limited. Therefore, after almost 20 years from the first report of a link between ADHD and obesity, this association continues to be puzzling. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADHD; obesity; overweight; Body Mass Index ADHD; obesity; overweight; Body Mass Index
MDPI and ACS Style

Cortese, S. The Association between ADHD and Obesity: Intriguing, Progressively More Investigated, but Still Puzzling. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 256.

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