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Update on Insomnia after Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, Edison, NJ 08820, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2018, 8(12), 223;
Received: 18 November 2018 / Revised: 8 December 2018 / Accepted: 11 December 2018 / Published: 13 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insomnia: Beyond Hyperarousal)
Sleep disturbance after traumatic brain injury (TBI) has received growing interest in recent years, garnering many publications. Insomnia is highly prevalent within the mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) population and is a subtle, frequently persistent complaint that often goes undiagnosed. For individuals with mTBI, problems with sleep can compromise the recovery process and impede social reintegration. This article updates the evidence on etiology, epidemiology, prognosis, consequences, differential diagnosis, and treatment of insomnia in the context of mild TBI. This article aims to increase awareness about insomnia following mTBI in the hopes that it may improve diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of sleeping disturbance in this population while revealing areas for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: mild traumatic brain injury; mTBI; concussion; insomnia; sleep disturbance; treatment mild traumatic brain injury; mTBI; concussion; insomnia; sleep disturbance; treatment
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Zhou, Y.; Greenwald, B.D. Update on Insomnia after Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 223.

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