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Review

Impacts of Participation in Community-Based Physical Activity Programs on Cognitive Functions of Children and Youth with Neurodevelopmental Disabilities: A Scoping Review

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6H 0B3, Canada
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BC Children’s Hospital Research Institute, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4H4, Canada
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Department of Knowledge Translation, ParticipACTION, Toronto, ON M5S 1M2, Canada
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Child Health Evaluative Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada
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Faculty of Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
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Sunny Hill Health Centre for Children, Vancouver, BC V6H 3N1, Canada
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Department of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James Brasic
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(2), 195; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020195
Received: 2 December 2020 / Revised: 28 January 2021 / Accepted: 1 February 2021 / Published: 5 February 2021
This review paper aimed to undertake an extensive exploration of the extent, range, and nature of research activities regarding the effect and emerging evidence in the field of physical activity interventions on cognitive development among children and youth (0–17.99 years) with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD), and to help identify key gaps in research and determine precise research questions for future investigations. To carry out this scoping review, five electronic databases were searched. A total of 12,097 articles were retrieved via search efforts with an additional 93 articles identified from the identified review papers. Sixty articles were eligible for inclusion. The results of this scoping review revealed many positive key cognitive outcomes related to physical activity including, but not limited to: focus, attention, self-control, cognitive process, and alertness. No studies reported a negative association between physical activity and cognitive outcomes. Based on the findings from this scoping review, physical activity appears to have a favorable impact on the cognitive outcomes of children and youth with NDD. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; cognition; neurodevelopmental disorders; children and youth physical activity; cognition; neurodevelopmental disorders; children and youth
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gitimoghaddam, M.; Vanderloo, L.M.; Hung, R.; Ryce, A.; McKellin, W.; Miller, A.; Collet, J.-P. Impacts of Participation in Community-Based Physical Activity Programs on Cognitive Functions of Children and Youth with Neurodevelopmental Disabilities: A Scoping Review. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 195. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020195

AMA Style

Gitimoghaddam M, Vanderloo LM, Hung R, Ryce A, McKellin W, Miller A, Collet J-P. Impacts of Participation in Community-Based Physical Activity Programs on Cognitive Functions of Children and Youth with Neurodevelopmental Disabilities: A Scoping Review. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(2):195. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020195

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gitimoghaddam, Mojgan, Leigh M. Vanderloo, Rebecca Hung, Andrea Ryce, William McKellin, Anton Miller, and Jean-Paul Collet. 2021. "Impacts of Participation in Community-Based Physical Activity Programs on Cognitive Functions of Children and Youth with Neurodevelopmental Disabilities: A Scoping Review" Brain Sciences 11, no. 2: 195. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11020195

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