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Review

Recent Advances in Ultrafast Structural Techniques

The Ultrafast Electron Imaging Lab (UeIL), Department of Chemistry and Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology (WIN), University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(7), 1427; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9071427
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 18 March 2019 / Accepted: 1 April 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photoinduced Cooperative Phenomena)
A review that summarizes the most recent technological developments in the field of ultrafast structural dynamics with focus on the use of ultrashort X-ray and electron pulses follows. Atomistic views of chemical processes and phase transformations have long been the exclusive domain of computer simulators. The advent of femtosecond (fs) hard X-ray and fs-electron diffraction techniques made it possible to bring such a level of scrutiny to the experimental area. The following review article provides a summary of the main ultrafast techniques that enabled the generation of atomically resolved movies utilizing ultrashort X-ray and electron pulses. Recent advances are discussed with emphasis on synchrotron-based methods, tabletop fs-X-ray plasma sources, ultrabright fs-electron diffractometers, and timing techniques developed to further improve the temporal resolution and fully exploit the use of intense and ultrashort X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) pulses. View Full-Text
Keywords: femtosecond X-ray diffraction; femtosecond electron diffraction; synchrotron radiation; laser slicing; X-ray plasma sources; X-ray free electron lasers; XFEL; ultrafast structural dynamics; ultrafast imaging; ultrafast diffraction femtosecond X-ray diffraction; femtosecond electron diffraction; synchrotron radiation; laser slicing; X-ray plasma sources; X-ray free electron lasers; XFEL; ultrafast structural dynamics; ultrafast imaging; ultrafast diffraction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sciaini, G. Recent Advances in Ultrafast Structural Techniques. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1427. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9071427

AMA Style

Sciaini G. Recent Advances in Ultrafast Structural Techniques. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(7):1427. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9071427

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sciaini, Germán. 2019. "Recent Advances in Ultrafast Structural Techniques" Applied Sciences 9, no. 7: 1427. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9071427

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