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Open AccessArticle

Surface Topography-Based Positioning Accuracy of Maxillary Templates Fabricated by the CAD/CAM Technique for Orthognathic Surgery without an Intermediate Splint

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea
2
Hwang Soon Jung’s Dental Clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Woonam Building, 2,3 F, 349, Gangnam-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06626, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(22), 4928; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9224928
Received: 10 October 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 16 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dynamic Models of Biology and Medicine, Volume II)
Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)-based maxillary templates can transfer a surgical plan accurately only when the template is positioned correctly. Our study aimed to evaluate the positioning accuracy of the CAD/CAM-based template for maxillary orthognathic surgery using dry skulls. After reconstruction of a three-dimensional (3D) virtual skull model, a surface-based surgical template for Le Fort I osteotomy was designed and fabricated using CAD/CAM and 3D printing technology. To determine accuracy, the deviation of the template between the planned and the actual position and the fitness of the template were evaluated. The mean deviation was 0.41 ± 0.30 mm in the medio-lateral direction, 0.55 ± 0.59 mm in the antero-posterior direction, and 0.69 ± 0.59 mm in the supero-inferior direction. The root mean square deviation between the planned and the actual position of the template was 1.21 ± 0.54 mm. With respect to the fitness of the template, the mean distance between the inner surface of the template and the underlying bone surface was 0.76 ± 0.24 mm. CAD/CAM-based templates showed precise positioning and good fitness. These results suggest that surface topography-based CAD-CAM templates can be considered as an alternative solution in replacing the traditional intermediate splints for the transfer of surgical plans. View Full-Text
Keywords: CAD/CAM; template; orthognathic surgery; positioning; accuracy CAD/CAM; template; orthognathic surgery; positioning; accuracy
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Han, J.J.; Hwang, S.J. Surface Topography-Based Positioning Accuracy of Maxillary Templates Fabricated by the CAD/CAM Technique for Orthognathic Surgery without an Intermediate Splint. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4928.

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