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Open AccessArticle

Fused Deposition Modeling of Poly (Lactic Acid)/Walnut Shell Biocomposite Filaments—Surface Treatment and Properties

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College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and Guangxi Key Laboratory of Processing for Non-ferrous Metallic and Featured Materials, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
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College of Mechanical Engineering, Guilin University of Aerospace Technology, Guilin 541004, China
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Faculty of Engineering and Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
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Member of Flanders Make, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, P.O. Box 2420, 3001 Heverlee, Leuven, Belgium
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(22), 4892; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9224892
Received: 12 October 2019 / Revised: 9 November 2019 / Accepted: 11 November 2019 / Published: 14 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Permanent and Long-Term Biodegradable Biomaterials)
This paper presents the study of the properties of objects that were fabricated with fused deposition modeling technology while using Poly (lactic acid)/Walnut shell powder (PLA/WSP) biocomposite filaments. The WSP was treated while using NaOH followed by silane. The infrared spectrum of treated and untreated WSP was characterized. The result was that thermal and mechanical properties could be improved by adjusting the concentration of silane. The experimental results showed: the surface compatibility between WSP and PLA was dramatically improved through treatment with KH550. The crystalline, thermal gravity, and thermal degradation temperatures of biocomposite with untreated WSP were improved from 1.46%, 60.3 °C, and 239.87 °C to 2.84%, 61.3 °C, and 276.37 °C for the biocomposites with treated WSP, respectively. The tensile, flexural, and compressive strengths of biocomposites were raised each by 8.07%, 14.66%, and 23.32%. With the determined silane concentration, PLA/10–15 wt.% treated WSP biocomposites were processed and tested. The results showed that the tensile strength was improved to 56.2 MPa, which is very near to that of pure PLA. Finally, the porous scaffolds with controllable porosity and pore size were manufactured. View Full-Text
Keywords: fused deposition modeling; biocomposite; poly (lactic acid)-matrix; walnut shell; surface treatment fused deposition modeling; biocomposite; poly (lactic acid)-matrix; walnut shell; surface treatment
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Song, X.; He, W.; Yang, S.; Huang, G.; Yang, T. Fused Deposition Modeling of Poly (Lactic Acid)/Walnut Shell Biocomposite Filaments—Surface Treatment and Properties. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4892.

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