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Open AccessArticle

Algorithmically Optimized Hemispherical Dome as a Secondary Optical Element for the Fresnel Lens Solar Concentrator

1
Mechanical and Energy Engineering Department, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76207, USA
2
Engineering Technology Department, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76207, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(13), 2757; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9132757
Received: 16 May 2019 / Revised: 29 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 8 July 2019
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Abstract

The significance of this work lies in the development of a novel code-based, detailed, and deterministic geometrical approach that couples the optimization of the Fresnel lens primary optical element (POE) and the dome-shaped secondary optical element (SOE). The objective was to maximize the concentration acceptance product (CAP), while using the minimum SOE and receiver geometry at a given f-number and incidence angle (also referred to as the tracking error angle). The laws of polychromatic light refraction along with trigonometry and spherical geometry were utilized to optimize the POE grooves, SOE radius, receiver size, and SOE–receiver spacing. Two literature case studies were analyzed to verify this work’s optimization, both with a spot Fresnel lens POE and a spherical dome SOE. Case 1 had a 625 cm2 POE at an f-number of 1.5, and Case 2 had a 314.2 cm2 POE at an f-number of 1.34. The equivalent POE designed by this work, with optimized SOE radiuses of 13.6 and 11.4 mm, respectively, enhanced the CAP value of Case 1 by 52% to 0.426 and that of Case 2 by 32.4% to 0.45. The SOE’s analytical optimization of Case 1 was checked by a simulated comparative analysis to ensure the validity of the results. Fine-tuning this design for thermal applications and concentrated photovoltaics is also discussed in this paper. The algorithm can be further improved for more optimization parameters and other SOE shapes. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar concentrator; solar energy; renewable energy; optics; Fresnel lens; secondary optics; non-imaging optics solar concentrator; solar energy; renewable energy; optics; Fresnel lens; secondary optics; non-imaging optics
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Qandil, H.; Wang, S.; Zhao, W. Algorithmically Optimized Hemispherical Dome as a Secondary Optical Element for the Fresnel Lens Solar Concentrator. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2757.

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