Next Article in Journal
Algorithmically Optimized Hemispherical Dome as a Secondary Optical Element for the Fresnel Lens Solar Concentrator
Next Article in Special Issue
Survey of Finite Element Method-Based Real-Time Simulations
Previous Article in Journal
Geometry of the Vocal Tract and Properties of Phonation near Threshold: Calculations and Measurements
Previous Article in Special Issue
Medical Augmented-Reality Visualizer for Surgical Training and Education in Medicine
Article Menu
Issue 13 (July-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Augmented Reality in Heritage Apps:Current Trends in Europe

University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 8940 Leioa, Spain
Grupo ARGOS; Facultad de Educación, Instituto de Investigación en Ciencias Ambientales (IUCA) University of Zaragoza, c/ Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(13), 2756;
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 July 2019 / Published: 8 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Augmented Reality: Current Trends, Challenges and Prospects)
PDF [799 KB, uploaded 8 July 2019]


Although augmented reality (AR) has come to play an increasingly important role in a wide range of areas, its use remains rather limited in the realm of heritage education. This paper sets out to analyze which heritage-related apps can be found in Europe that partly or wholly use AR as a tool to help users learn about different types of heritage. Our study only identified a limited number of such apps and we used this sample both to paint a portrait of the current state of the question and also to highlight certain observable trends. The results showed that most such apps used AR to reconstruct spaces and buildings, and to a lesser extent, objects. Many of these apps used an academic mode of communication to provide a temporal perspective of monumental and (mainly) historical heritage. The paper also outlines future lines of research dedicated to finding more apps that could be used to increase the current sample size. This would allow for a more comprehensive assessment of such apps from an educational point of view. Several case studies are proffered in order to highlight the keys to successful use of AR in heritage apps. View Full-Text
Keywords: augmented reality; heritage; mobile learning; mobile applications augmented reality; heritage; mobile learning; mobile applications

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Luna, U.; Rivero, P.; Vicent, N. Augmented Reality in Heritage Apps:Current Trends in Europe. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2756.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top