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Power Control and Link Selection for Wireless Relay Networks with Hybrid Energy Sources

School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(13), 2744; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9132744
Received: 9 June 2019 / Revised: 1 July 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 6 July 2019
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Abstract

The Hybrid energy supply (HES) wireless relay system is a new green network technology, where the source node is powered by the grid and relay is powered by harvested renewable energy. However, the network’s performance may degrade due to the intermittent nature of renewable energy. In this paper, our purpose is to minimize grid energy consumption and maximize throughput. However, improving the throughput requires increasing the transmission power of the source node, which will lead to a higher grid energy consumption. Linear weighted summation method is used to turn the two conflicting objectives into a single objective. Link assignment and a power control strategy are adopted to maximize the total reward of the network. The problem is formulated as a discrete Markov decision model. In addition, a backwards induction method based on state deletion is proposed to reduce the computational complexity. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can effectively alleviate performance degradation caused by the lack of renewable energy, and present the trade-off between energy consumption and throughput. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy harvesting relay; energy consumption; throughput energy harvesting relay; energy consumption; throughput
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Wu, R.; Xie, H.; Chen, Z.; Tang, L. Power Control and Link Selection for Wireless Relay Networks with Hybrid Energy Sources. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2744.

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