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A Review on Nanoparticles as Boon for Biogas Producers—Nano Fuels and Biosensing Monitoring

1
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Tianshuianlu≠ 222, Lanzhou 730000, China
2
Department of biosciences, COMSATS University Park Road, Tarlai Kalan Islamabad, Islamabad 45550, Pakistan
3
Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC), Ataturk Avenue, G-5/1, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010059
Received: 4 November 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 17 December 2018 / Published: 25 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano-Biointerface for Biosensing)
Nanotechnology has an increasingly large impact on a broad scope of biotechnological, pharmacological and pure technological applications. Its current use in bioenergy production from biomass is very restricted. The present study is based on the utilization of nanoparticles as an additive to feed bacteria that break down natural substances. The novel notion of dosing ions using modified nanoparticles can be used to progress up biogas production in oxygen free digestion processes. While minute nanoparticles are unstable, they can be designed to provide ions in a controlled approach, so that the maximum enhancement of biogas production that has been reported can be obtained. Nanoparticles are dissolved in a programmed way in an anaerobic atmosphere and are supplied in a sustainable manner to microbiotic organisms responsible for the degradation of organic material, which is a role that fits them well. Therefore, biogas fabrication can be increased up to 200%, thereby increasing the degradation of organic waste. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuels; bio-methane; environment; nanoparticles; nanotechnology; biosensors; waste activated sludge biofuels; bio-methane; environment; nanoparticles; nanotechnology; biosensors; waste activated sludge
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Faisal, S.; Yusuf Hafeez, F.; Zafar, Y.; Majeed, S.; Leng, X.; Zhao, S.; Saif, I.; Malik, K.; Li, X. A Review on Nanoparticles as Boon for Biogas Producers—Nano Fuels and Biosensing Monitoring. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 59.

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