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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Piano Key Vibration Level on Players’ Perception and Performance in Piano Playing

Electronics Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Gloriastrasse 35, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(12), 2697; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8122697
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 10 December 2018 / Accepted: 16 December 2018 / Published: 19 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling, Simulation and Data Analysis in Acoustical Problems)
In this study, the influence of piano key vibration levels on players’ personal judgment of the instrument quality and on the dynamics and timing of the players’ performance of a music piece excerpt is examined. In an experiment four vibration levels were presented to eleven pianists playing on a digital grand piano with grand piano-like key action. By evaluating the players’ judgment of the instrument quality, strong integration effects of auditory and tactile information were observed. Differences in the sound of the instrument were perceived by the players, when the vibration level in the keys was changed and the results indicate a sound-dependent optimum of the vibration levels. By analyzing the influence of the vibration levels on the timing and dynamics accuracy of the pianists’ musical performances, we could not observe systematic differences that depend on the vibration level. View Full-Text
Keywords: piano playing; vibrotactile feedback; interaction; musical performance; auditory perception; sensors; actuators piano playing; vibrotactile feedback; interaction; musical performance; auditory perception; sensors; actuators
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flückiger, M.; Grosshauser, T.; Tröster, G. Influence of Piano Key Vibration Level on Players’ Perception and Performance in Piano Playing. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2697.

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