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Open AccessArticle

Feasibility Study of Wind Farm Grid-Connected Project in Algeria under Grid Fault Conditions Using D-Facts Devices

1
School of Automation on Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2
Electro-Technical Engineering Lab, Faculty of Technology, Tahar Moulay University, Saida 20 000, Algeria
3
Electrical Energy LAB EELAB Sint–Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
4
Department of Electrical Engineering, Madinah Mounawara University, Madinah 20012, Saudi Arabia
5
Satellite Development Center CDS, BP 4065 Ibn Rochd USTO, 31000 Oran, Algeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2250; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112250
Received: 21 October 2018 / Revised: 5 November 2018 / Accepted: 8 November 2018 / Published: 15 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Large Grid-Connected Wind Turbines)
The use of renewable energy such as wind power is one of the most affordable solutions to meet the basic demand for electricity because it is the cleanest and most efficient resource. In Algeria, the highland region has considerable wind potential. However, the electrical power system located is this region is generally not powerful enough to solve the problems of voltage instability during grid fault conditions. These problems can make the connection with the eventual installation of a wind farm very difficult and inefficient. Therefore, a wind farm project in this region may require dynamic compensation devices, such as a distributed-flexible AC transmission system (D-FACTS) to improve its fault ride through (FRT) capability. This paper investigates the implementation of shunt D-FACTS, under grid fault conditions, considering the grid requirements over FRT performance and the voltage stability issue for a wind farm connected to the distribution network in the Algerian highland region. Two types of D-FACTSs considered in this paper are the distribution static VAr compensator (D-SVC) and the distribution static synchronous compensator (D-STATCOM). Some simulation results show a comparative study between the D-SVC and D-STATCOM devices connected at the point of common coupling (PCC) to support a wind farm based on a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) under grid fault conditions. Finally, an appropriate solution to this problem is presented by sizing and giving the suitable choice of D-FACTS, while offering a feasibility study of this wind farm project by economic analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind farm; Fault Ride Through (FRT); Distributed-Flexible AC Transmission system (D-FACTS); Distribution Static VAr Compensator(D-SVC); Distribution Static Synchronous Compensator (D-STATCOM) wind farm; Fault Ride Through (FRT); Distributed-Flexible AC Transmission system (D-FACTS); Distribution Static VAr Compensator(D-SVC); Distribution Static Synchronous Compensator (D-STATCOM)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, L.; Kerrouche, K.D.E.; Mezouar, A.; Van Den Bossche, A.; Draou, A.; Boumediene, L. Feasibility Study of Wind Farm Grid-Connected Project in Algeria under Grid Fault Conditions Using D-Facts Devices. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2250.

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