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Open AccessArticle

Scandium Doping Effect on a Layered Perovskite Cathode for Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (LT-SOFCs)

1
Department of Energy Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan 44919, Korea
2
Department of Chemistry, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK
3
Division of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul 04310, Korea
4
Institute of Advanced Materials and Systems, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul 04310, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2217; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112217
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 6 November 2018 / Accepted: 8 November 2018 / Published: 11 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells/Electrolysers)
Layered perovskite oxides are considered as promising cathode materials for the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) due to their high electronic/ionic conductivity and fast oxygen kinetics at low temperature. Many researchers have focused on further improving the electrochemical performance of the layered perovskite material by doping various metal ions into the B-site. Herein, we report that Sc3+ doping into the layered perovskite material, PrBaCo2O5+δ (PBCO), shows a positive effect of increasing electrochemical performances. We confirmed that Sc3+ doping could provide a favorable crystalline structure of layered perovskite for oxygen ion transfer in the lattice with improved Goldschmidt tolerance factor and specific free volume. Consequently, the Sc3+ doped PBCO exhibits a maximum power density of 0.73 W cm−2 at 500 °C, 1.3 times higher than that of PBCO. These results indicate that Sc3+ doping could effectively improve the electrochemical properties of the layered perovskite material, PBCO. View Full-Text
Keywords: perovskite; electrochemistry; solid oxide fuel cells; cathode material perovskite; electrochemistry; solid oxide fuel cells; cathode material
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Jeong, D.; Kim, J.; Kwon, O.; Lim, C.; Sengodan, S.; Shin, J.; Kim, G. Scandium Doping Effect on a Layered Perovskite Cathode for Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (LT-SOFCs). Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2217.

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