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Technical Note

Comparison of Current Five-Point Cylindricity Error Separation Techniques

by 1,*, 1 and 1,2
School of Instrument Science and Opto-electronic Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
School of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(10), 1946;
Received: 8 September 2018 / Revised: 30 September 2018 / Accepted: 11 October 2018 / Published: 16 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Precision Dimensional Measurements)
Cylindricity is a kind of three-dimensional form distortion of a cylinder. An accurate in situ measurement of cylindricity is relatively complex because measuring and reconstructing cylindrical profile and evaluating out-of-cylindricity should be involved. Any method of in situ measuring cylindricity must solve a common issue, i.e., to eliminate spindle error motions and carriage error motions during measurement and reconstruction. Thus, error separation techniques have played an important role in in situ cylindricity measurement through multipoint detections. Although several valuable five-point methods for in situ measurement of cylindrical profile have been proposed up to present, namely the parallel scan, spiral scan, and V-block scan, there are obvious differences in many aspects, such as the arrangement of probes, error separation model, reconstruction method, adaptability to service environment, accuracy and reliability in practical application, etc. This paper presents the evaluation of their advantages and disadvantages in theory and the actual measurement based on the standard ISO 12180. Suggestions for best meeting the requirements of modern manufacturing and the most prospective one for industrial applications are also given. View Full-Text
Keywords: error separation technique; cylindricity; form measurement; in situ measurement error separation technique; cylindricity; form measurement; in situ measurement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, W.; Hu, P.; Fan, K. Comparison of Current Five-Point Cylindricity Error Separation Techniques. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1946.

AMA Style

Liu W, Hu P, Fan K. Comparison of Current Five-Point Cylindricity Error Separation Techniques. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(10):1946.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Wenwen, Penghao Hu, and Kuangchao Fan. 2018. "Comparison of Current Five-Point Cylindricity Error Separation Techniques" Applied Sciences 8, no. 10: 1946.

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