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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(1), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8010109

Implementation of an RFID-Based Sequencing-Error-Proofing System for Automotive Manufacturing Logistics

1
Department of Systems Management Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 16419, Korea
2
ME Advanced Team, ME Center, GM Korea Company, 233 Bupyeong-daero, Bupyeong-gu, Incheon 21334, Korea
3
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Dongguk University-Seoul, 3ga, Pil-dong, Jung-gu, Seoul 04620, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 8 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2018 / Published: 13 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Computer Science and Electrical Engineering)
Full-Text   |   PDF [6984 KB, uploaded 13 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

Serialized tracing provides the ability to track and trace the lifecycle of the products and parts. Unlike barcodes, Radio frequency identification (RFID), which is an important building block for internet of things (IoT), does not require a line of sight and has the advantages of recognizing many objects simultaneously and rapidly, and storing more information than barcodes. Therefore, RFID has been used in a variety of application domains such as logistics, distributions, and manufacturing, significantly improving traceability and process efficiency. In this study, we applied RFID to improve the just-in-sequence operation of an automotive inbound logistics process. First, we implemented an RFID-based visibility system for real-time traceability and control of part supply from the production lines of suppliers to the assembly line of a car manufacturer. Second, we developed an RFID-based sequence-error proofing system to avoid accidental line stops due to incorrect part sequencing. The whole system has been successfully installed in a rear-axle inbound logistics process of GM Korea. We achieved a significant amount of cost savings, especially due to the prevention of sequencing errors and part shortages, and the reduction of manual operations. Thorough cost-benefit analysis demonstrates the clear economic feasibility of using RFID technologies for the just-in-sequence inbound logistics in an automobile manufacturing environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: RFID; just-in-sequence; inbound logistics; supply chain; automotive manufacturing RFID; just-in-sequence; inbound logistics; supply chain; automotive manufacturing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kang, Y.-S.; Kim, H.; Lee, Y.-H. Implementation of an RFID-Based Sequencing-Error-Proofing System for Automotive Manufacturing Logistics. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 109.

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