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Article

The Predictive Model of Surface Texture Generated by Abrasive Water Jet for Austenitic Steels

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Institute of Technology and Businesses in České Budějovice/Department of Mechanical Engineering, Okružní 517/10, 370 01 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
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Faculty of Management, University of Prešov in Prešov, Konštantínova 16, 080 01 Prešov, Slovak Republic
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Automation and Informatics, Faculty of Engineering, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 01 Nitra, Slovak Republic
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Institute of Informatics, Faculty of Business and Management, University of Technology, Kolejní 2906/4, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Machine Design, Faculty of Engineering, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 01 Nitra, Slovak Republic
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Department of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies with a Seat in Prešov, Technical University of Kosice, Štúrova 31, 080 01 Prešov, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(9), 3159; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10093159
Received: 12 April 2020 / Revised: 25 April 2020 / Accepted: 29 April 2020 / Published: 1 May 2020
Austenitic stainless steel belongs to the best oxidation-resistant alloys, which must function effectively and reliably when used in a corrosion environment. Their attractive combination of properties ensures their stable position in the steel industry. They belong to a group of difficult-to-cut materials, and the abrasive water jet cutting technology is often used for their processing. Samples made of stainless steel AISI 304 has been used as the experimental material. Data generated during experiments were used to study the effects of AWJ process parameters (high-pressure water volume flow rate, the diameter of the abrasive nozzle, the distance of the nozzle from the material surface, cutting head feed rate, abrasive mass flow, and material thickness) on surface roughness. Based on the analysis and interpretation of all data, a prediction model was created. The main goal of the long-term research was to create the simplest and most usable prediction model for the group of austenitic steels, based on the evaluation of the practical results obtained in the company Watting Ltd. (Budovateľská 3598/38, Prešov, Slovakia) during 20 years of operation and cooperation with customers from industrial practice. Based on specific customer requirements from practice, the publication also contains specific recommendations for practice and a proposal for the classification of the predicted cut quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: abrasive water jet; stainless steel; high-pressure water flow; abrasive mass flow; abrasive nozzle diameter; cutting head feed rate; material thickness; surface roughness abrasive water jet; stainless steel; high-pressure water flow; abrasive mass flow; abrasive nozzle diameter; cutting head feed rate; material thickness; surface roughness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kmec, J.; Gombár, M.; Harničárová, M.; Valíček, J.; Kušnerová, M.; Kříž, J.; Kadnár, M.; Karková, M.; Vagaská, A. The Predictive Model of Surface Texture Generated by Abrasive Water Jet for Austenitic Steels. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 3159. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10093159

AMA Style

Kmec J, Gombár M, Harničárová M, Valíček J, Kušnerová M, Kříž J, Kadnár M, Karková M, Vagaská A. The Predictive Model of Surface Texture Generated by Abrasive Water Jet for Austenitic Steels. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(9):3159. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10093159

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kmec, Ján; Gombár, Miroslav; Harničárová, Marta; Valíček, Jan; Kušnerová, Milena; Kříž, Jiří; Kadnár, Milan; Karková, Monika; Vagaská, Alena. 2020. "The Predictive Model of Surface Texture Generated by Abrasive Water Jet for Austenitic Steels" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 9: 3159. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10093159

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