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Article

Measurement and Modeling of 3D Solar Irradiance for Vehicle-Integrated Photovoltaic

1
Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya 468-8511, Japan
2
Organization for Promotion of Tenure Track, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 872; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030872
Received: 2 January 2020 / Revised: 17 January 2020 / Accepted: 22 January 2020 / Published: 27 January 2020
The energy yield of vehicle-integrated photovoltaics (VIPV) differs from that of standard photovoltaics (PV). It is mainly by the difference of the solar irradiance onto the car roof and car bodies as well as its curved shape. Both meaningful and practical modeling and measurement of solar irradiance for VIPV need to be established, rather than the extension of the current technologies. The solar irradiance is modeled by a random distribution of shading objects and car orientation with the correction of the curved surface of the PV modules. The measurement of the solar irradiance onto the car roof and car body is done using five pyranometers in five local axes on the car for one year. The measured dynamic solar irradiance onto the car body and car roof is used for validation of the solar irradiance model in the car. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaic; electric vehicles (EV); plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHV); standardization; car roof; flexible PV; performance modeling; rating photovoltaic; electric vehicles (EV); plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHV); standardization; car roof; flexible PV; performance modeling; rating
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MDPI and ACS Style

Araki, K.; Ota, Y.; Yamaguchi, M. Measurement and Modeling of 3D Solar Irradiance for Vehicle-Integrated Photovoltaic. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 872. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030872

AMA Style

Araki K, Ota Y, Yamaguchi M. Measurement and Modeling of 3D Solar Irradiance for Vehicle-Integrated Photovoltaic. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(3):872. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030872

Chicago/Turabian Style

Araki, Kenji; Ota, Yasuyuki; Yamaguchi, Masafumi. 2020. "Measurement and Modeling of 3D Solar Irradiance for Vehicle-Integrated Photovoltaic" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 3: 872. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10030872

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