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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Supply Angle on Thermal Environment of Residential Space with Hybrid Desiccant Cooling System for Multi-Room Control

by Joon Ahn 1,* and Ho Yup Choi 2
1
School of Mechanical Engineering, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(20), 7271; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10207271
Received: 2 September 2020 / Revised: 5 October 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sciences and Innovations in Heat Pump/Refrigeration: Volume II)
In this study, local measurement and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) were employed to evaluate the thermal comfort in a residential environment where desiccant cooling is performed in an outdoor air condition, which is the typical summer weather in Korea. The desiccant cooling system in the present study has been developed for multi-room control with a hybrid air distribution, whereby mixing and displacement ventilation occur simultaneously. Due to this distribution of air flow, the thermal comfort was changed, and the thermal comfort indicators conflicted. The evaluation indicators included the ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) comfort zone, predicted mean vote (PMV), and effective draft temperature (EDT). The dry-bulb temperature displayed a distribution of 26.2–26.8 °C in the cooling spaces, i.e., living room, kitchen, and dining room. When determined based on the standard ASHRAE comfort zone, the space where desiccant cooling takes place entered the comfort zone for summer. Due to the influence of solar radiation, the globe temperature was more than 2 °C higher than the dry-bulb temperature at the window. A difference of up to 6% in humidity was observed locally in the cooling space. In the dining room located along the outlet of the desiccant cooling device, the PMV entered the comfort zone, but was slightly above 1 in the rest of the space. Conversely, as for the EDT, its value was lower than −1.7 in the dining room, but was included in the comfort zone in the rest of the space. By adjusting the discharge angle upward, the PMV and EDT were expected to be more uniform in the cooling space. In particular, the optimum discharge angle obtained was 40° upward from the discharge surface. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid desiccant cooling system; PMV (predicted mean vote); EDT (effective draft temperature); ADPI (air diffusion performance index); CFD (computational fluid dynamics) hybrid desiccant cooling system; PMV (predicted mean vote); EDT (effective draft temperature); ADPI (air diffusion performance index); CFD (computational fluid dynamics)
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Ahn, J.; Choi, H.Y. Effects of Supply Angle on Thermal Environment of Residential Space with Hybrid Desiccant Cooling System for Multi-Room Control. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 7271.

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