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Open AccessArticle

A Comprehensive Approach in Medical Nutrition Therapy for Adults’ Weight Loss Management in Lebanon

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Ministry of Economy and Trade, Riyad el Soleh St, Azarieh Bldg., Beirut PO Box 11-1520, Lebanon
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Faculty of Organization Studies Novo mesto, Ulica talcev 3, 8000 Novo mesto, Slovenia
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Industrial Research Institute, IRI Bldg., Lebanese University Campus, Hadath (Baabda), Beirut PO Box 11-2806, Lebanon
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Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Nutrition Université Saint Joseph, Beirut PO Box 11-5076, Lebanon
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Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Gortanova 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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Faculty of management, University of Primorska, 6000 Koper, Slovenia
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Faculty of organizational sciences, University of Maribor, Kidričeva 55a, 4000 Kranj, Slovenia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(18), 6600; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10186600
Received: 20 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 18 September 2020 / Published: 21 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering)
The objective of the research is to identify the different factors of Lebanese culture that interfere with weight loss therapy and assist the field of nutrition in homogenising in a standardised manner the protocol of Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT). The first part of the study is based on a literature review, and, in the second part, quantitative analysis was used. The research was conducted on 514 Lebanese adults via questionnaire. The analysis was performed with the AMOS (Version 22, IBM®, Amonk, NY, USA) statistical tool. For the analysis of correlations, chi-square and non-parametric tests were used. Variables affecting weight loss management were identified with the aid of seven hypotheses using structural equation modelling (SEM). Body shape and Body Mass Index (BMI) were found to be inter-related to cognitive behaviours toward food, lifestyle practices, medical conditions, food and beverages. In parallel, and based on the research results, younger adults, in particular women, have better BMI and look better in terms of body shape. Ageing has a direct impact on weight gain. Older people have a lower activity level, which is more prevalent among women, and they also prefer to eat typical Lebanese food. Habits, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, are directly related to obesity and some medical conditions. Low physical activity influences the problems related to body shape. For further studies, one should also include types of physical activities in terms of intensity and number of hours. This would assist the study in being more specified and credible toward the effect of exercise on weight loss management. View Full-Text
Keywords: medical nutrition therapy; weight loss management; cost-effectiveness; anthropometry; culture; stress; physical activity medical nutrition therapy; weight loss management; cost-effectiveness; anthropometry; culture; stress; physical activity
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Khalil, M.-T.; Matta, J.; Videmšek, M.; Karpljuk, D.; Meško, M. A Comprehensive Approach in Medical Nutrition Therapy for Adults’ Weight Loss Management in Lebanon. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 6600.

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