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DEUFRABASE: A Simple Tool for the Evaluation of the Noise Impact of Pavements in Typical Road Geometries

1
Environmental Acoustics Research Unit (UMRAE), French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks (IFSTTAR), Centre for Studies on Risks, Mobility, Land Planning and the Environment (CEREMA), F-44344 Bouguenais, France
2
Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt), Brüderstraße 53, 51427 Bergisch Gladbach, Germany
3
Laboratoire Navier—UMR 8205 (École des Ponts Paris Tech—IFSTTAR—CNRS), Cité Descartes—Champs-sur-Marne, Université Paris-Est, F-77455 Marne-la-Vallée CEDEX 2, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2019, 6(3), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments6030027
Received: 7 January 2019 / Revised: 8 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Solutions Mitigating Environmental Noise Pollution)
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Abstract

Traffic noise is considered by people as one of the most important sources of environmental discomfort. A way to limit the traffic noise is to reduce the noise emission, for example, by using specific low noise pavements, particularly in suburban areas. However, in real situations, it can be difficult to evaluate the impact of a given pavement, because it depends, for example, on the road geometry, the meteorological conditions, or the distance of the receiver position. Finally it can be difficult to select the most appropriate pavement for a given noise reduction objective. In this paper, a simple method is proposed to evaluate the noise impact of a pavement, in typical road geometries and environmental conditions. The proposed approach uses two databases, the first one based on measurements of emission spectra of road vehicles on several typical pavements, the second one made of pre-calculations of noise propagation for typical road configurations. Finally, the method is implemented in an interactive web tool, called DEUFRABASE, which allows one to obtain a fast estimation of the L Aeq (1 h or 24 h) and L den noise levels for various pavements and road configurations, as functions of the traffic flow and composition. By comparing the method with measurements, it is showed that the tool, although based on a restricted number of pavements and on several simplifications, can predict the noise impact of typical road configurations, with an acceptable error, most often less than 2 dB. View Full-Text
Keywords: traffic noise; road pavement; noise impact evaluation traffic noise; road pavement; noise impact evaluation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bérengier, M.; Picaut, J.; Pahl, B.; Duhamel, D.; Gauvreau, B.; Auerbach, M.; Gusia, P.; Fortin, N. DEUFRABASE: A Simple Tool for the Evaluation of the Noise Impact of Pavements in Typical Road Geometries. Environments 2019, 6, 27.

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