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Sleep Disturbances in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Disorders: A Review of the Variability of Objective Sleep Markers

1
Yale Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
2
Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Med. Sci. 2018, 6(2), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci6020046
Received: 25 March 2018 / Revised: 28 May 2018 / Accepted: 29 May 2018 / Published: 4 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Updates in Pediatric Sleep and Child Psychiatry)
Sleep disturbances are often observed in child and adolescent mental health disorders. Although previous research has identified consistent subjective reports of sleep disturbances, specific objective sleep markers have not yet been identified. We evaluated the current research on subjective and objective sleep markers in relation to attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, autism spectrum disorders, anxiety and depressive disorders. Subjective sleep markers are more consistent than objective markers of actigraphy, polysomnography, and circadian measures. We discuss the causes of variability in objective sleep findings and suggest future directions for research. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; mental health; electroencephalography (EEG); children; adolescents; Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); anxiety; autism; arousal sleep; mental health; electroencephalography (EEG); children; adolescents; Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); anxiety; autism; arousal
MDPI and ACS Style

Baddam, S.K.R.; Canapari, C.A.; Van Noordt, S.J.R.; Crowley, M.J. Sleep Disturbances in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Disorders: A Review of the Variability of Objective Sleep Markers. Med. Sci. 2018, 6, 46.

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