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Geosciences 2018, 8(5), 173; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8050173

Systematic Evaluation of Different Infrastructure Systems for Tsunami Defense in Sendai City

International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, 468-1 Aramaki-Aza, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-0845, Japan
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Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 7 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 / Published: 10 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interdisciplinary Geosciences Perspectives of Tsunami)
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Abstract

The aim of this study is to assess the performances of different infrastructures as structural tsunami countermeasures in Sendai City, based on the lessons from the 11 March 2011, Great East Japan Tsunami, which is an example of a worst-case scenario. The tsunami source model Ver. 1.2 proposed by Tohoku University uses 10 subfaults, determined based on the tsunami height and the run-up heights measured for all tsunami affected areas. The TUNAMI-N2 model is used to simulate 24 cases of tsunami defense in Sendai City based on a combination of 5 scenarios of structural measures, namely, a seawall (existing and new seawall), a greenbelt, an elevated road and a highway. The results of a 2D tsunami numerical analysis show a significant difference in the tsunami inundations in the areas protected by several combinations of structures. The elevated road provides the highest performance of the single schemes, whereas the highest performance of the 2-layer schemes is the combination of an existing seawall and an elevated road. For the 3-layer scenarios, the highest performance is achieved by the grouping of an existing seawall, a new seawall, and an elevated road. The combination of an existing seawall, a new seawall, a greenbelt and an elevated road is the highest performing 4-layer scenario. The Sendai City plan, with a 5-layer scenario, reduces the tsunami inundation area by 20 sq. km with existing structural conditions. We found that the combination of an existing seawall, a greenbelt, an elevated road and a highway (a 4-layer scheme) is the optimum case to protect the city against a tsunami similar to the 2011 Great East Japan Tsunami. The proposed approach can be a guideline for future tsunami protection and the evaluation of countermeasure schemes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Great East Japan Tsunami 2011; numerical modeling; tsunami simulation Great East Japan Tsunami 2011; numerical modeling; tsunami simulation
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Pakoksung, K.; Suppasri, A.; Imamura, F. Systematic Evaluation of Different Infrastructure Systems for Tsunami Defense in Sendai City. Geosciences 2018, 8, 173.

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