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Open AccessArticle

Magnetic Properties of Iron Sand from the Tor River Estuary, Sarmi, Papua

1
Department of Physics, University of Cenderawasih, Jayapura 99358, Indonesia
2
Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2018, 8(4), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8040113
Received: 25 February 2018 / Revised: 27 March 2018 / Accepted: 27 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
Information about the strategic mineral balance, published in 2013, presumed a significant amount of iron sand deposited in Sarmi, Papua, Indonesia. However, the magnetic properties of these iron sands have never been studied. Our preliminary study on the distribution of magnetic susceptibility of iron sand from the Sarmi Coast area has revealed that the iron sand from the Tor River estuary had the highest mass-specific magnetic susceptibility values with an χLF average of 3.083 ×10−5 m3/kg. We extracted the raw sand from the Tor River estuary using a mechanical magnetic extraction method and analyzed the magnetic properties and mineral composition. The magnetic susceptibility values increased significantly with an χLF average of 27.496 ×10−5 m3/kg. The chemical composition acquired from both the X-ray fluorescence and energy dispersive spectroscopy confirmed that the magnetic properties of the extracted sample originated from the high percentage of iron oxide. The hysteresis curve showed high saturation magnetization about 24.7 (emu/g), remanent magnetization of about 6.1 (emu/g) and a low coercive field of about 20 (Oe). The X-ray diffraction patterns identified a magnesioferrite (MgFe2O4) mineral structure. This result showed the novelty of iron sand from Sarmi, Papua when compared with that from Java Island. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron sand; magnetic properties; Sarmi iron sand; magnetic properties; Sarmi
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Togibasa, O.; Bijaksana, S.; Novala, G.C. Magnetic Properties of Iron Sand from the Tor River Estuary, Sarmi, Papua. Geosciences 2018, 8, 113.

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