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Cloning and Expression Analysis of Two Kdm Lysine Demethylases in the Testes of Mature Yaks and Their Sterile Hybrids

College of Life Science and Technology, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu 610041, China
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Animals 2020, 10(3), 521; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10030521
Received: 14 January 2020 / Revised: 8 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 20 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Reproduction)
The hybrid of male cattle (Bos taurus) with female yaks (Bos grunniens) is called the cattle–yak. All female cattle–yaks are fertile, but all males are sterile. To date, there is no clear conclusion on the mechanism leading to cattle–yak male sterility. The domain conservation and expression profiles of lysine histone demethylases (KDMs) suggest that they might play important roles during gametogenesis. The objective of this study was to explore the molecular mechanism for male sterility of yak hybrids based on two demethylases, KDM1A and KDM4B. The mRNA and protein expression of KDM1A and KDM4B were dramatically decreased in the testes of adult cattle–yaks compared with adult yaks. In addition, the level of H3K36me3 in the testes of cattle–yaks was significantly lower than in yaks. These results suggest that the male sterility of cattle–yaks might be associated with reduced histone methylation modifications. These results provide valuable epigenetic information regarding the molecular mechanism resulting in male sterility of cattle–yaks.
The objective of this study was to explore the molecular mechanism for male sterility of yak hybrids based on two demethylases. Total RNA was extracted from the testes of adult yaks (n = 10) and yak hybrids (cattle–yaks, n = 10). The coding sequences (CDS) of two lysine demethylases (KDMs), KDM1A and KDM4B, were cloned by RT-PCR. The levels of KDM1A and KDM4B in yaks and cattle–yaks testes were detected using Real-time PCR and Western blotting for mRNA and protein, respectively. In addition, the histone methylation modifications of H3K36me3 and H3K27me3 were compared between testes of yaks and cattle–yaks using ELISA. The CDS of KDM1A and KDM4B were obtained from yak testes. The results showed that the CDS of KDM1A exhibited two variants: variant 1 has a CDS of 2622 bp, encoding 873 amino acids, while variant 2 has a CDS of 2562 bp, encoding 853 amino acids. The CDS of the KDM4B gene was 3351 bp in length, encoding 1116 amino acids. The mRNA and protein expression of KDM1A and KDM4B, as well as the level of H3K36me3, were dramatically decreased in the testes of cattle–yaks compared with yaks. The present results suggest that the male sterility of cattle–yaks might be associated with reduced histone methylation modifications. View Full-Text
Keywords: epigenetics; cattle–yak; male sterility; KDM1A; KDM4B; H3K36me3 epigenetics; cattle–yak; male sterility; KDM1A; KDM4B; H3K36me3
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Shen, Z.; Huang, L.; Jin, S.; Zheng, Y. Cloning and Expression Analysis of Two Kdm Lysine Demethylases in the Testes of Mature Yaks and Their Sterile Hybrids. Animals 2020, 10, 521.

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