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Article

Influence of Litter Size at Birth on Productive Parameters in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus)

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Escuela Superior Politècnica de Chimborazo, Sede Orellana, El Coca 220150, Ecuador
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Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderìa, Proyecto Nacional de Innovaciòn Tecnològica Participativa y Productividad Agrìcola (PITPPA), El Coca 220150, Ecuador
3
Ruminant Research Group (G2R), Animal and Food Science Department Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellatera, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(11), 2059; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112059
Received: 15 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 30 October 2020 / Published: 7 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Management in Small/Medium Scale Animal Farms)
Cavia porcellus is an autochthonous species of the high Andean region of countries such as Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru. Several works have been conducted to create programs aimed at improving their productive characteristics. Thus, breeding and conservation are very important for an animal species of high precocity and prolificacy, providing a source of protein of high biological value and for being part of the cultural legacy of many of these countries. Currently, this species is part of the food security in high Andean areas, and technology is being incorporated into its production at an industrial level, also establishing marketing channels. Herein, we conclude that the best productive responses regarding weight were in the litters of three guinea pigs. Furthermore, with respect to sex, the males presented better productive performance than the females.
A study was conducted at the Escuela Superior Politècnica de Chimborazo, Ecuador, to evaluate the influence of litter size of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) on their development and to establish the economic profitability of the production system. Forty-eight animals were used, distributed into litters of two, three, and four rodents per litter, with a balanced diet and green fresh alfalfa for the weaning, growth, and fattening stage, the rodents and litters were randomly selected, applying the statistical model completely randomly and evaluating different variables across 120 days. The litters of three guinea pigs obtained the best productive responses and economic profitability. With respect to sex, the males presented better productive behavior, greater economic increase, and less cost, evidencing that mixed feeding influences the number of guinea pigs per birth in terms of growth and development. The results serve to improve guinea pig meat production for the rural population. View Full-Text
Keywords: yield; carcass; feed conversion; breeding yield; carcass; feed conversion; breeding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guerrero Pincay, A.E.; González Marcillo, R.L.; Castro Guamàn, W.E.; Ortiz Naveda, N.R.; Grefa Reascos, D.A.; Guamàn Rivera, S.A. Influence of Litter Size at Birth on Productive Parameters in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus). Animals 2020, 10, 2059. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112059

AMA Style

Guerrero Pincay AE, González Marcillo RL, Castro Guamàn WE, Ortiz Naveda NR, Grefa Reascos DA, Guamàn Rivera SA. Influence of Litter Size at Birth on Productive Parameters in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus). Animals. 2020; 10(11):2059. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guerrero Pincay, Angela E., Raúl L. González Marcillo, Walter E. Castro Guamàn, Nelson R. Ortiz Naveda, Deyvis A. Grefa Reascos, and Santiago A. Guamàn Rivera. 2020. "Influence of Litter Size at Birth on Productive Parameters in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus)" Animals 10, no. 11: 2059. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112059

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