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Microbiota, Gut Health and Chicken Productivity: What Is the Connection?

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Instituto de Patobiología Veterinaria, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Calle Las Cabañas y Los Reseros s/n, Casilla de Correo 25, 1712 Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina
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Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Godoy Cruz 2290, 1425 Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(10), 374; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7100374
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 31 August 2019 / Accepted: 6 September 2019 / Published: 20 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gut Health in Poultry Production)
Gut microbiota and its relationship to animal health and productivity in commercial broiler chickens has been difficult to establish due to high variability between flocks, which derives from plenty of environmental, nutritional, and host factors that influence the load of commensal and pathogenic microbes surrounding birds during their growth cycle in the farms. Chicken gut microbiota plays a key role in the maintenance of intestinal health through its ability to modulate host physiological functions required to maintain intestinal homeostasis, mainly through competitive exclusion of detrimental microorganisms and pathogens, preventing colonization and therefore decreasing the expense of energy that birds normally invest in keeping the immune system active against these pathogens. Therefore, a “healthy” intestinal microbiota implies energy saving for the host which translates into an improvement in productive performance of the birds. This review compiles information about the main factors that shape the process of gut microbiota acquisition and maturation, their interactions with chicken immune homeostasis, and the outcome of these interactions on intestinal health and productivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: poultry; gut health; intestinal microbiota; productivity; performance poultry; gut health; intestinal microbiota; productivity; performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Diaz Carrasco, J.M.; Casanova, N.A.; Fernández Miyakawa, M.E. Microbiota, Gut Health and Chicken Productivity: What Is the Connection? Microorganisms 2019, 7, 374. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7100374

AMA Style

Diaz Carrasco JM, Casanova NA, Fernández Miyakawa ME. Microbiota, Gut Health and Chicken Productivity: What Is the Connection? Microorganisms. 2019; 7(10):374. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7100374

Chicago/Turabian Style

Diaz Carrasco, Juan M., Natalia A. Casanova, and Mariano E. Fernández Miyakawa. 2019. "Microbiota, Gut Health and Chicken Productivity: What Is the Connection?" Microorganisms 7, no. 10: 374. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7100374

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