Next Article in Journal
GoPrime: Development of an In Silico Framework to Predict the Performance of Real-Time PCR Primers and Probes Using Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus as a Model
Previous Article in Journal
Human Papillomaviruses and Epstein–Barr Virus Interactions in Colorectal Cancer: A Brief Review
Open AccessArticle

Systematic Review of Important Viral Diseases in Africa in Light of the ‘One Health’ Concept

1
School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4001, South Africa
2
School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4001, South Africa
3
Department of Statistics, College of Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar 6000, Ethiopia
4
Infectious Diseases and Anti-Infective Therapy Research Group, Sharjah Medical Research Institute and College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah, Sharjah 27272, UAE
5
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92868, USA
6
Zoonosis Science Center, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, SE 75185 Uppsala, Sweden
7
Division of Virology, Department of Infectious Diseases and St. Jude Center of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance (CEIRS), St Jude Children Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2020, 9(4), 301; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9040301
Received: 17 February 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 7 April 2020 / Published: 20 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Pathogens)
Emerging and re-emerging viral diseases are of great public health concern. The recent emergence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) related coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in December 2019 in China, which causes COVID-19 disease in humans, and its current spread to several countries, leading to the first pandemic in history to be caused by a coronavirus, highlights the significance of zoonotic viral diseases. Rift Valley fever, rabies, West Nile, chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Ebola, and influenza viruses among many other viruses have been reported from different African countries. The paucity of information, lack of knowledge, limited resources, and climate change, coupled with cultural traditions make the African continent a hotspot for vector-borne and zoonotic viral diseases, which may spread globally. Currently, there is no information available on the status of virus diseases in Africa. This systematic review highlights the available information about viral diseases, including zoonotic and vector-borne diseases, reported in Africa. The findings will help us understand the trend of emerging and re-emerging virus diseases within the African continent. The findings recommend active surveillance of viral diseases and strict implementation of One Health measures in Africa to improve human public health and reduce the possibility of potential pandemics due to zoonotic viruses. View Full-Text
Keywords: Africa; emerging; re-emerging; infectious diseases; pandemic; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; virus; zoonosis; vector-borne; avian influenza; influenza A virus; coronaviruses; monkeypox; simian immunodeficiency; rabies; dengue; hemorrhagic fever; Rift Valley fever virus; West Nile virus; Ebola; one health; epidemiology Africa; emerging; re-emerging; infectious diseases; pandemic; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; virus; zoonosis; vector-borne; avian influenza; influenza A virus; coronaviruses; monkeypox; simian immunodeficiency; rabies; dengue; hemorrhagic fever; Rift Valley fever virus; West Nile virus; Ebola; one health; epidemiology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chauhan, R.P.; Dessie, Z.G.; Noreddin, A.; El Zowalaty, M.E. Systematic Review of Important Viral Diseases in Africa in Light of the ‘One Health’ Concept. Pathogens 2020, 9, 301.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop