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Gender and Migrant Roles in Italian Neorealist and New Migrant Films: Cinema as an Apparatus of Reconfiguration of National Identity and ‘Otherness’

1
Institute for the History and Theory of Architecture (gta), Department of Architecture, ETH Zurich, Stefano-Franscini-Platz 5, CH 8093 Zürich, Switzerland
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School of Architecture of National Technical University of Athens, 42 Patission Street, 106 82 Athens, Greece
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Faculty of Art History and Theory of Athens School of Fine Arts, 42 Patission Street, 106 82 Athens, Greece
Humanities 2021, 10(2), 71; https://doi.org/10.3390/h10020071
Received: 3 March 2021 / Revised: 14 April 2021 / Accepted: 16 April 2021 / Published: 21 April 2021
The article examines an ensemble of gender and migrant roles in post-war Neorealist and New Migrant Italian films. Its main objective is to analyze gender and placemaking practices in an ensemble of films, addressing these practices on a symbolic level. The main argument of the article is that the way gender and migrant roles were conceived in the Italian Neorealist and New Migrant Cinema was based on the intention to challenge certain stereotypes characterizing the understanding of national identity and ‘otherness’. The article presents how the roles of borgatari and women function as devices of reconceptualization of Italy’s identity, providing a fertile terrain for problematizing the relationship between migration studies, urban studies and gender studies. Special attention is paid to how migrants are related to the reconceptualization of Italy’s national narrations. The Neorealist model is understood here as a precursor of the narrative strategies that one encounters in numerous films belonging to the New Migrant cinema in Italy. The article also explores how certain aspects of more contemporary studies of migrant cinema in Italy could illuminate our understanding of Neorealist cinema and its relation to national narratives. To connect gender representation and migrant roles in Italian cinema, the article focuses on the analysis of the status of certain roles of women, paying particular attention to Anna Magnagi’s roles. View Full-Text
Keywords: Neorealist cinema; New Migrant cinema; Italy; migrants; placemaking; national narration; national identity; gender roles; Anna Magnani; popolana; italianità; otherness Neorealist cinema; New Migrant cinema; Italy; migrants; placemaking; national narration; national identity; gender roles; Anna Magnani; popolana; italianità; otherness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Charitonidou, M. Gender and Migrant Roles in Italian Neorealist and New Migrant Films: Cinema as an Apparatus of Reconfiguration of National Identity and ‘Otherness’. Humanities 2021, 10, 71. https://doi.org/10.3390/h10020071

AMA Style

Charitonidou M. Gender and Migrant Roles in Italian Neorealist and New Migrant Films: Cinema as an Apparatus of Reconfiguration of National Identity and ‘Otherness’. Humanities. 2021; 10(2):71. https://doi.org/10.3390/h10020071

Chicago/Turabian Style

Charitonidou, Marianna. 2021. "Gender and Migrant Roles in Italian Neorealist and New Migrant Films: Cinema as an Apparatus of Reconfiguration of National Identity and ‘Otherness’" Humanities 10, no. 2: 71. https://doi.org/10.3390/h10020071

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