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Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(2), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8020054

Entrepreneurial Self-Identity, Perceived Corruption, Exogenous and Endogenous Obstacles as Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention in Italy

Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Palermo, 90134 Palermo PA, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 8 February 2019 / Accepted: 11 February 2019 / Published: 14 February 2019
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Abstract

Although entrepreneurship is considered one of the most powerful drivers of national economies around the world, there is little consensus about what informal factors foster entrepreneurial intention. In accordance with recent literature, entrepreneurial self-identity perception, the perception of corruption in the entrepreneurship ecosystem, and perceived exogenous and endogenous obstacles to entrepreneurship were hypothesized as antecedents of college students’ and graduates’ entrepreneurial intention. A study with a sample (N = 153) composed of college students and graduates from an Italian university was conducted. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed to test the research hypotheses. The hypotheses that entrepreneurial self-identity perception and corruption perception of the entrepreneurial ecosystem are positive antecedents of entrepreneurial intention were confirmed. Corruption was considered as a viable and socially acceptable strategy that entrepreneurs might adopt in order to easily overcome governmental norms and rules about managing firms. It was hypothesized that the perception of corruption of the entrepreneurial ecosystem might be a positive antecedent of entrepreneurial intention if the subjects perceived the corruption as pervasive of the economic ecosystem and the effort made by national government to control corruption as ineffective. From this point of view, the positive causal relationship between perceived corruption and entrepreneurial intention could reveal college students and graduates’ propensity to perceive corruption as a phenomenon capable of generating a “grease the wheel” effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurial self-identity; corruption; exogenous obstacles; endogenous obstacles entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurial self-identity; corruption; exogenous obstacles; endogenous obstacles
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Ceresia, F.; Mendola, C. Entrepreneurial Self-Identity, Perceived Corruption, Exogenous and Endogenous Obstacles as Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention in Italy. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 54.

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