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Open AccessArticle

Coffee, Migration and Climatic Changes: Challenging Adaptation Dichotomic Narratives in a Transborder Region

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Multidisciplinary Research Center on Chiapas and the Southern Border (CIMSUR), National Autonomous University of Mexico, Calle Ma. Adelina Flores # 34-A, Barrio de Guadalupe, San Cristóbal de Las Casas C.P. 29230, Mexico
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Departamento de Estudios Urbanos y Medio Ambiente, Colegio de La Frontera Norte, Tijuana C.P. 22560, Mexico
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Department of Agriculture, Society and Environment, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), Carretera Panamericana y Periférico Sur S/N, Barrio María Auxiliadora, San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas C.P. 29290, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(12), 323; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8120323
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 14 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 25 November 2019
The narratives of migration as adaptation and in situ adaptation are well established in mainstream adaptation policy and are usually presented as independent and opposing trends of action. A common and fundamental element of such narratives is the depoliticized conception of both migration and adaptation. Using a trans-scalar approach, we address the migration–coffee–climate change nexus: first at a regional scale, at the conflictive border of Guatemala–Mexico, to show the contradiction between the current Central American migratory crisis and the narrative of migration as adaptation; second, at a local scale and from an ethnographic perspective, we focus on the process of in situ adaptation in shade-grown coffee plots of smallholder coffee farmers in the Tacaná Volcano cross-border region, between Chiapas and Guatemala. We argue that the dichotomy “in situ adaptation” versus “migration as adaptation” is not useful to capture the intertwined and political nature of both narratives, as illustrated in the case of the renovation of smallholders’ coffee plots in a context of climatic changes. We provide elements to contribute towards the repolitization of adaptation from an integral perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: migration-climate change-coffee nexus; migration as adaptation; in situ adaptation; coffee leaf-rust; transborder region; narratives migration-climate change-coffee nexus; migration as adaptation; in situ adaptation; coffee leaf-rust; transborder region; narratives
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Ruiz-de-Oña, C.; Rivera-Castañeda, P.; Merlín-Uribe, Y. Coffee, Migration and Climatic Changes: Challenging Adaptation Dichotomic Narratives in a Transborder Region. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 323.

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