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Urban Heat Islands in Bahrain: An Urban Perspective

Department of Architecture and Interior Design, College of Engineering, University of Bahrain, Sakhir Campus P.O. Box 32038, Bahrain
Department of Landscape Architecture, College of Architecture and Planning, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2019, 9(4), 96;
Received: 17 March 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 22 April 2019
Cities across the Arab Gulf region, especially those in Bahrain, have undergone a notable transformation by virtue of the rapid urbanization of the region. Thus, the characteristics of these cities have encountered massive transformation. Accordingly, both governmental and non-governmental projects are authorized for collaborative work to meet the accelerating demands resulting from the increase in population in the Kingdom of Bahrain. However, such projects have been neglected due to other crucial environmental issues. For instance, these projects have resulted in excessive carbon dioxide gaseous emissions. Consequently, these cities are left to suffer from disregarded public spaces and a limited percentage of designed urban open spaces. The case in Bahrain can be summarized as suffering from an absence of the three pillars of sustainability. This has been a fertile ground for the emergence of various urban devastations, among which the “Urban Heat Island” phenomenon adversely affects the urban context of the city. This research investigates these problems, offering propositions to control Urban Heat Islands (UHIs) in Bahrain. Moreover, it aims to recognize the effect of Green Roof Systems in terms of sustainability in order to mitigate UHIs and reduce the threat of Global Warming. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; heat island; green roof sustainability; heat island; green roof
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Elghonaimy, I.; Mohammed, W.E. Urban Heat Islands in Bahrain: An Urban Perspective. Buildings 2019, 9, 96.

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