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Retrofitting of Imperfect Halved Dovetail Carpentry Joints for Increased Seismic Resistance

Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 190 00 Prague, Czech Republic
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Buildings 2019, 9(2), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9020048
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 18 February 2019
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Abstract

This paper presents possibilities for anti-seismic improvement of traditional timber carpentry joints. It is known that the structural response of historical roof frameworks is highly dependent on the behavior of their joints, particularly, their capacity for rotation and energy dissipation. Any strengthening, or retrofitting, approach must take into account conservation requirements, usually expressed as conditions involving minimal intervention. Several retrofitting methods were tested on replicas of historical halved joints within various national and international research projects. The joints were produced with traditional hand tools, and made using aged material taken from a demolished building. The paper presents two approaches, each utilizing different retrofitting technologies that avoid completely dismantling the joint and consequently conserve frame integrity. The energy dissipation capacity is increased by inserting mild steel nails around a wooden pin, and connecting the two parts of the halved joint. In the second case, two thin plates made of a material with a high friction coefficient are inserted into the joint and fastened to the wooden elements. This is done by removing the wooden connecting pin and slightly opening a slot for the plates between the halved parts. In addition, the paper presents an application for disc brake plates, as well as thin plates made of oak. View Full-Text
Keywords: carpentry halved joint; energy dissipation; seismic retrofitting carpentry halved joint; energy dissipation; seismic retrofitting
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Drdácký, M.; Urushadze, S. Retrofitting of Imperfect Halved Dovetail Carpentry Joints for Increased Seismic Resistance. Buildings 2019, 9, 48.

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