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Buildings 2018, 8(4), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8040053

Practices of Built Heritage Post-Disaster Reconstruction for Resilient Cities

International Centre of Education, Cracow University of Technology, Skarżyńskiego 1, Kraków 30-866, Poland
Received: 10 January 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 15 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Built Heritage: Conservation vs. Emergencies)
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Abstract

The concept of resilience has become increasingly important to our understanding of sustainable planning. Post-disaster urban and architectural reconstruction might be treated as a strategy for resilient cities, helping them to reinvent themselves after possible destruction. The purpose of this study is to analyse several cases of nearly total reconstruction of historical urban complexes. Specifically, it explores how urban heritage conservation and recreation could contribute to the resilience agenda, giving traumatised societies a sense of continuity and localness. It analyses the changes in the conservation doctrine, highlighting the growing acceptance of architectural reconstructions. Drawing on historical examples, mainly derived from the Polish School of Conservation practice, this paper argues that the methods and processes attempted to regain identity for the thoroughly rebuilt structures proved effective in recreating the identity of such cities as Kalisz, Warsaw, Gdańsk, and Wrocław. The article argues that while processes at the governmental level emphasised the strengthening of national identity, the experiences of the reconstructed townscapes eventually involved forms of more diverse municipal identities. The article highlights that the strategy of recreating traditional images of cities after their mutilation in disastrous events might be a key to becoming a more resilient city and the formation of the post-disaster citizenry. View Full-Text
Keywords: heritage; community; post-disaster; planning; Polish School of Conservation practice; reconstruction; resilience; townscape heritage; community; post-disaster; planning; Polish School of Conservation practice; reconstruction; resilience; townscape
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Jeleński, T. Practices of Built Heritage Post-Disaster Reconstruction for Resilient Cities. Buildings 2018, 8, 53.

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