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Review

Experimental Campaigns on Mechanical Properties and Seismic Performance of Unstabilized Rammed Earth—A Literature Review

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 3, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Academic Editor: David Arditi
Buildings 2021, 11(8), 367; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080367
Received: 19 July 2021 / Revised: 14 August 2021 / Accepted: 18 August 2021 / Published: 19 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buildings: 10th Anniversary)
Earthen architecture has a significant share in the world’s fund of both residential architecture and cultural heritage. It provides a home to more than half of the world’s population and can be found in seismically active areas. Empirically acquired knowledge on building with rammed earth (RE) has usually been passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth, with no written scientific grant for the load-bearing capacity and resistance of structural elements. Today, many countries still do not have standards for the design of RE structures. In the development of new as well as existing design standards, the results of experimental research play a significant role. The focus of this study was on unstabilized RE, which is locally available material with low embodied energy. This paper elaborates experimental campaigns, within which meticulous techniques were employed to provide new knowledge on RE for use in earthquake-prone areas. Furthermore, this paper includes: (i) ranges of values of mechanical properties determined on RE specimens from all over the world; (ii) a comparative summary of experimental research conducted on walls and buildings to assess their seismic performance; (iii) an overview of standards and testing methods used in experiments; and (iv) recommendations for further research. View Full-Text
Keywords: state-of-art; unstabilized rammed earth; mechanical properties; seismic performance; experimental tests state-of-art; unstabilized rammed earth; mechanical properties; seismic performance; experimental tests
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MDPI and ACS Style

Perić, A.; Kraus, I.; Kaluđer, J.; Kraus, L. Experimental Campaigns on Mechanical Properties and Seismic Performance of Unstabilized Rammed Earth—A Literature Review. Buildings 2021, 11, 367. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080367

AMA Style

Perić A, Kraus I, Kaluđer J, Kraus L. Experimental Campaigns on Mechanical Properties and Seismic Performance of Unstabilized Rammed Earth—A Literature Review. Buildings. 2021; 11(8):367. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080367

Chicago/Turabian Style

Perić, Ana, Ivan Kraus, Jelena Kaluđer, and Lucija Kraus. 2021. "Experimental Campaigns on Mechanical Properties and Seismic Performance of Unstabilized Rammed Earth—A Literature Review" Buildings 11, no. 8: 367. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080367

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