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Fatigue Behavior of Metastable Austenitic Stainless Steels in LCF, HCF and VHCF Regimes at Ambient and Elevated Temperatures

1
Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, TU Kaiserslautern, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany
2
Former employee of the Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, TU Kaiserslautern, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
On the occasion of his 70th birthday, this work is dedicated to our mentor, colleague and friend Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Dietmar Eifler
Metals 2019, 9(6), 704; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9060704
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 18 June 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 21 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Low-carbon and Stainless Steels)
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Abstract

Corrosion resistance has been the main scope of the development in high-alloyed low carbon austenitic stainless steels. However, the chemical composition influences not only the passivity but also significantly affects their metastability and, consequently, the transformation as well as the cyclic deformation behavior. In technical applications, the austenitic stainless steels undergo fatigue in low cycle fatigue (LCF), high cycle fatigue (HCF), and very high cycle fatigue (VHCF) regime at room and elevated temperatures. In this context, the paper focuses on fatigue and transformation behavior at ambient temperature and 300 °C of two batches of metastable austenitic stainless steel AISI 347 in the whole fatigue regime from LCF to VHCF. Fatigue tests were performed on two types of testing machines: (i) servohydraulic and (ii) ultrasonic with frequencies: at (i) 0.01 Hz (LCF), 5 and 20 Hz (HCF) and 980 Hz (VHCF); and at (ii) with 20 kHz (VHCF). The results show the significant influence of chemical composition and temperature of deformation induced α´-martensite formation and cyclic deformation behavior. Furthermore, a “true” fatigue limit of investigated metastable austenitic stainless steel AISI 347 was identified including the VHCF regime at ambient temperature and elevated temperatures. View Full-Text
Keywords: austenitic stainless steel; metastability; LCF; HCF; VHCF; ambient and elevated temperatures austenitic stainless steel; metastability; LCF; HCF; VHCF; ambient and elevated temperatures
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Smaga, M.; Boemke, A.; Daniel, T.; Skorupski, R.; Sorich, A.; Beck, T. Fatigue Behavior of Metastable Austenitic Stainless Steels in LCF, HCF and VHCF Regimes at Ambient and Elevated Temperatures. Metals 2019, 9, 704.

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