In sheet microforming processes, in-surface principal strain rates may be compressive such that the thickness of the sheet increases in the process of deformation. In general, the evolution of free surface roughness depends on the sense of the principal strain normal to the free surface. Therefore, in order to predict the evolution of free surface roughness in processes in which this normal principal strain is positive by means of empirical equations, it is necessary to carry out experiments in which the thickness of the sheet increases. Conventional experiments, such as the Marciniak test, do not provide such strain paths. In general, it is rather difficult to induce a sufficiently uniform state of strain in thin sheets of increasing thickness throughout the process of deformation because instability occurs at the very beginning of the process. The present paper proposes a compression test for thin sheets. Teflon sheets are placed between support jigs and the metallic sheet tested to prevent the occurrence of instability and significantly reduce the effect of the support jigs on the evolution of surface roughness. The test is used to determine the evolution of surface roughness in thin sheets made of C1220-O under three strain paths.
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