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Metals 2019, 9(3), 289; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9030289

Coarse Grained Heat-Affected Zone Microstructure and Brittleness of Ti-Nb-B Microalloyed High Toughness and Wear Resistant Steel

1
The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Hubei Province Key Laboratory of Systems Science on Metallurgical Processing, International Research Institute for Steel Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
2
Wuhan Branch of Baosteel Central Research Institute (R & D Center of Wuhan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.), Wuhan 430080, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 February 2019 / Revised: 18 February 2019 / Accepted: 22 February 2019 / Published: 4 March 2019
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Abstract

The effects of B, Ti-Nb, and Ti-Nb-B microalloying on the microstructure and properties of the coarse grain heat affected zone (CGHAZ) of C-Mn-Si-Mo wear-resistant steel have been investigated by means of thermal simulation, mechanical property test, microstructure analysis, and theoretical formula calculation. The B, Ti-Nb, and Ti-Nb-B microalloyed C-Mn-Si-Mo wear-resistant steels prepared by a controlled rolling + direct quenching + low temperature (CR + DQ + T) process have martensite/bainite (M/B) dual-phase microstructure and fully-refined effective grain size, which make the base metal to have high hardness and impact toughness. At the heat input of 20 kJ/cm, the impact toughness of CGHAZ of three kinds of microalloyed wear-resistant steels decreased in varying degrees. The main reasons for brittleness were coarse grain embrittlement and microstructural embrittlement. Ti-Nb-B microalloying can effectively prevent grain growth in CGHAZ while avoiding the formation of pearlite, small lump ferrite, and large grain carbides at the grain boundaries, thereby reducing the embrittlement of coarse grain and microstructure. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti-Nb-B microalloying; CGHAZ; microstructure; brittleness Ti-Nb-B microalloying; CGHAZ; microstructure; brittleness
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Li, D.; Wu, K.; Dong, H.; Isayev, O.; Hress, O. Coarse Grained Heat-Affected Zone Microstructure and Brittleness of Ti-Nb-B Microalloyed High Toughness and Wear Resistant Steel. Metals 2019, 9, 289.

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