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Metals 2019, 9(2), 247; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9020247

Intermetallic Phases in High-Entropy Alloys: Statistical Analysis of their Prevalence and Structural Inheritance

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
2
High Entropy Materials Center, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 January 2019 / Revised: 10 February 2019 / Accepted: 16 February 2019 / Published: 19 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Entropy Alloys: Challenges and Prospects)
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Abstract

Strengthening high entropy alloys (HEAs) via second phases is a very effective approach. However, the design of intermetallic (IM) phases in HEAs is challenging, mainly because our understanding of IM phases in HEAs is still very limited. Here, a statistical approach is used to enhance our understanding towards IM phases in HEAs. A database consisting of 142 IM-containing HEAs was constructed. Our aim is twofold. The first is to reveal the most common IM phase types in published HEAs. The second is to understand whether HEAs inherit their IM structures from their binary/ternary subsystems, or whether they tend to form new structures irrelevant to their subsystems. The results show that the five most prevalent IM structures in the HEAs surveyed here are Laves, σ, B2, L12, and L21. This trend is evidently different from the overall trend among known binary/ternary IMs. As for structural inheritance, all the IM phases contained in the alloys are existing structures in the binary/ternary subsystems of the respective alloys. This suggests that the compositional complexity in HEAs does trigger additional complexity in IM structure formation. These findings have important implications in the future design and development of HEAs. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-entropy alloys; intermetallic; alloy design; phase stability high-entropy alloys; intermetallic; alloy design; phase stability
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Tsai, M.-H.; Tsai, R.-C.; Chang, T.; Huang, W.-F. Intermetallic Phases in High-Entropy Alloys: Statistical Analysis of their Prevalence and Structural Inheritance. Metals 2019, 9, 247.

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