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Metals 2019, 9(2), 248; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9020248

Properties of Jet-Plated Ni Coating on Ti Alloy (Ti6Al4V) with Laser Cleaning Pretreatment

1
National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Helicopter Transmission, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
2
Center of Excellence in Science and Applied Technologies, Sector H-11, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
3
Department of Engineering and Design, University of Sussex, Sussex House, Brighton BN1 9RH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 4 January 2019 / Revised: 1 February 2019 / Accepted: 3 February 2019 / Published: 20 February 2019
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Abstract

The surface mechanical properties of the Selective Laser Melting (SLM) formed Ti6Al4V samples were improved by adopting a novel laser cleaning pretreatment process combined with a jet electrodeposition process. This paper aimed to investigate the effects of different laser powers on the morphologies and adhesions of the nickel coatings. The advantages of the laser cleaning process are no grinding, no contact, high efficiency and environmental protection. The morphologies, adhesion, wear resistance, and hardness of the coatings were characterized. The results indicate that when the laser energy density reached 20% (4 J/cm2), the contaminations on the substrate and the oxide layer were removed and the crystalline grain of the coating was 15.3 nm. The shallow pits generated by laser burning increased the adhesion of the coatings. In addition, when the laser energy density increased to 6 J/cm2, a yellow oxide layer was produced on the surface of the cleaned titanium alloy. Moreover, the wear resistance of the titanium alloy after the nickel plating was improved. The wear volume was only 0.046 mm3, and the hardness increased to 1967.6 N/mm2. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser cleaning; titanium alloy; jet electrodeposition; friction properties laser cleaning; titanium alloy; jet electrodeposition; friction properties
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Wang, X.; Xu, M.; Wang, Z.; Shen, L.; Qiu, M.; Tian, Z.; Ahsan, M.N.; Wang, C. Properties of Jet-Plated Ni Coating on Ti Alloy (Ti6Al4V) with Laser Cleaning Pretreatment. Metals 2019, 9, 248.

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