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Article

Effects of Sample and Indenter Configurations of Nanoindentation Experiment on the Mechanical Behavior and Properties of Ductile Materials

1
Computational Solid Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Applied Mechanics and Design, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
2
Centre of Advanced Manufacturing & Material Processing, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(6), 421; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8060421
Received: 14 March 2018 / Revised: 8 April 2018 / Accepted: 9 April 2018 / Published: 5 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metallic Materials and Manufacturing)
The nanoindentation test is frequently used as an alternate method to obtain the mechanical properties of ductile materials. However, due to the lack of information about the effects of the sample and indenter physical configurations, the accuracy of the extracted material properties in nanoindentation tests requires further evaluation that has been considered in this study. In this respect, a demonstrator ductile material, aluminum 1100, was tested using the Triboscope nanoindenter system with the Berkovich indenter. A 3D finite element simulation of the nanoindentation test was developed and validated through exact prediction of the structural response with measured data. The validated model was then employed to examine the effects of various test configurations on the load–displacement response of the sample material. These parameters were the different indenter edge-tip radii, different indentation depths, different sample tilts, and different friction conditions between the indenter and the material surface. Within the range of the indenter edge-tip radii examined, the average elastic modulus and hardness were 78.34 ± 14.58 and 1.6 ± 0.24 GPa, respectively. The different indentation depths resulted in average values for the elastic modulus and hardness of 77.03 ± 6.54 and 1.58 ± 0.17 GPa, respectively. The uneven surface morphology, as described by the inclination of the local indentation plane, indicated an exponential increase in the extracted values of elastic modulus and hardness, ranging from 71.83 and 1.47 GPa (for the reference case, θ = 0°) to 243.39 and 5.05 GPa at θ = 12°. The mechanical properties that were obtained through nanoindentation on the surface with 6° tilt or higher were outside the range for aluminum properties. The effect of friction on the resulting mechanical response and the properties of the material was negligible. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum 1100; nanoindentation test; indentation plane orientation; indenter edge-tip radius; indentation depth; finite element simulation aluminum 1100; nanoindentation test; indentation plane orientation; indenter edge-tip radius; indentation depth; finite element simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rahimian Koloor, S.S.; Karimzadeh, A.; Tamin, M.N.; Abd Shukor, M.H. Effects of Sample and Indenter Configurations of Nanoindentation Experiment on the Mechanical Behavior and Properties of Ductile Materials. Metals 2018, 8, 421. https://doi.org/10.3390/met8060421

AMA Style

Rahimian Koloor SS, Karimzadeh A, Tamin MN, Abd Shukor MH. Effects of Sample and Indenter Configurations of Nanoindentation Experiment on the Mechanical Behavior and Properties of Ductile Materials. Metals. 2018; 8(6):421. https://doi.org/10.3390/met8060421

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rahimian Koloor, Seyed S., Atefeh Karimzadeh, Mohd N. Tamin, and Mohd H. Abd Shukor 2018. "Effects of Sample and Indenter Configurations of Nanoindentation Experiment on the Mechanical Behavior and Properties of Ductile Materials" Metals 8, no. 6: 421. https://doi.org/10.3390/met8060421

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