Duplex stainless steel (DSS) is used for desalination equipment, pressure vessels, marine applications, offshore applications, and in oil/gas plants where a highly corrosive environment is present. Super duplex stainless steel (SDSS) 2507 has excellent mechanical properties, such as high strength, high toughness, high fatigue life, and high corrosion resistance. Friction stir processing (FSP) is used to refine the grain structure of the processed region such that properties like strength, hardness, fracture toughness, fatigue life, and corrosion resistance are enhanced. In this paper, an optimized friction stir process of 2507 SDSS is carried out to refine the microstructure of the material in order to improve its mechanical properties. Microstructure analysis revealed that grains were refined from a size of around 160 µm in the base material to 2–30 µm in the processed zone. This grain size reduction resulted in improved strength, hardness, and fracture toughness of the material by up to 14%, 11%, and 12%, respectively. However, FSP has reduced the fracture strain by about 30%.
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