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Minimising Defect Formation in Sand Casting of Sheet Lead: A DoE Approach

Manufacturing Theme, Cranfield University, Cranfield MK43 0AL, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(2), 252;
Received: 28 January 2020 / Revised: 6 February 2020 / Accepted: 12 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Casting and Solidification Processing)
Sand casting of lead sheet is a traditional manufacturing process used up to the present due to the special features of sand cast sheet such as their attractive sheen. Similarly to any casting process, sand casting of lead sheet suffers from the presence of surface defects. In this study, a surface defect type, hereby referred to as ‘grooves’, has been investigated. The focus has been laid on the identification of the main factors affecting defect formation in this process. Based on a set of screening experiments performed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) as well as the existing literature, a number of factors affecting the formation of such defects was identified and their corresponding significance was estimated using the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) technique. The obtained results suggest that the most significant factor affecting defect formation in sand casting of lead sheet is the composition of the moulding mixture. Defect formation was also proven to be dependent on the sand grain fineness, the quality of the melt and some of the interactions between the aforementioned process parameters. Finally, an optimal set of process parameters leading to the minimisation of surface defects was identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: sand casting; sheet lead; defects sand casting; sheet lead; defects
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Prabhakar, A.; Papanikolaou, M.; Salonitis, K.; Jolly, M. Minimising Defect Formation in Sand Casting of Sheet Lead: A DoE Approach. Metals 2020, 10, 252.

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